ROMANS 5:1-21 Peace With God

 

We have now seen the shameful sinful state of humanity and the plan of redemption of God by His grace through faith in His only Son Jesus. In Romans 5 we will see the benefits of this salvation, Peace with God.

 

“A former president of the Norwegian Academy of Sciences and historians from England, Egypt, Germany, and India have come up with some startling information: Since 3600 B.C. the world has known only 292 years of peace! During this period there have been 14,351 wars, large and small, in which 3.64 billion people have been killed. The value of the property destroyed would pay for a golden belt around the world 97.2 miles wide and 33 feet thick. Since 650 B.C. there have also been 1656 arms races, only 16 of which have not ended in war. The remainder ended in the economic collapse of the countries involved.” [1]

 

The world is in need of peace. The Bible tells us that those who rebel and resist salvation in Christ are estranged from God, at odds with Him; they are at war with God. We see this in the following verses which describe the unsaved:

 

  • Isaiah 48:22 - “There is no peace,” says the Lord, “for the wicked.”   [2]
  • Romans 1:30 – “backbiters, haters of God, violent, proud, boasters, inventors of evil things, disobedient to parents,” [3]
  • Romans 8:7-8 – “Because the carnal mind is enmity against God; for it is not subject to the law of God, nor indeed can be.8 So then, those who are in the flesh cannot please God.”  [4]
  • Ephesians 2:1-2 – “And you He made alive, who were dead in trespasses and sins,2 in which you once walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit who now works in the sons of disobedience,”  [5]
  • Ephesians 2:12,19 – “that at that time you were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope and without God in the world. . . 19 Now, therefore, you are no longer strangers and foreigners, but fellow citizens with the saints and members of the household of God,”  [6]
  • Colossians 1:21 – “And you, who once were alienated and enemies in your mind by wicked works, yet now He has reconciled”  [7]

Life lived at war with God is a struggle. It is a struggle because there is an essential part missing and essential ingredient, an indispensable piece needed for the human to fit properly into life, to experience life as it was intended to be live; that piece is God. Without God, life is out of sync. Without God, humanity wanders the wilderness of life, living from moment to moment in the now, trying to deny the reality of the future and what it will bring. Without God, life is lived with a great unknown, a great big question mark about the purpose of life and what lays beyond life, a wonderment about what death brings.

Romans 5 presents the answer to all such wilderness wanderings. “We have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ”  (Romans 5:1b). “Peace with God,” what does that mean? What does it entail? What good is peace with God? For those who have known the futility of war against God, peace with God is a tremendous blessing. In Romans 5 we will see that blessed state of peace with God.

The Possibility of Peace with God

It is possible to be at peace with God. It is possible for the war to stop, and when that happens, we find that the One we have been resisting and rebelling against is the One who loves us most.

Romans 5:1a – “Therefore, having been justified by faith, [8]

Therefore

Whenever you see the word “therefore” in your study of the Bible, you should always ask, “What is ‘therefore,’ there for?” In this case Paul draws a conclusion based on the preceding doctrinal teaching he has been inspired to make. Human beings as a whole have been proved to be utterly sinful (1:18-3:18). Justification or right standing before Holy God has been shown to be unattainable by good works or keeping the law, but only attainable by God’s grace through faith in Jesus (3:19-31). Paul has shown that this is no new doctrine but is seen in the lives of such OT greats as Abraham and David (4:1-25).

Having been justified by faith,

“Having been justified,” (Aorist/Passive/Participle) points us to something that has taken place. Romans 5:1 marks a transition from doctrinal statements about justification to the life application and  consequence of it in a person’s life. When a person places faith in Jesus Christ as their Savior, this is what happens.

Faith is the means God uses to declare a person justified (just-as-if-I-had-never-sinned). Paul will now explain the benefits or consequences of being justified by faith.

The Promise of Peace with God

God promises peace in the Bible. Prophetically God foretold of peace that He would make available. We see this in the following verses:

  • Isaiah 32:17 – “The work of righteousness will be peace, And the effect of righteousness, quietness and assurance forever.”  [9]
  • Isaiah 54:13 – “All your children shall be taught by the Lord, And great shall be the peace of your children.”  [10]
  • Isaiah 55:12 - “For you shall go out with joy, And be led out with peace; The mountains and the hills Shall break forth into singing before you, And all the trees of the field shall clap their hands.”  [11]
  • Isaiah 57:19-21 - “I create the fruit of the lips: Peace, peace to him who is far off and to him who is near,” Says the Lord, “And I will heal him.”20 But the wicked are like the troubled sea, When it cannot rest, Whose waters cast up mire and dirt.21 “There is no peace,” Says my God, “for the wicked.”   [12]

There is no peace for the wicked. This is acknowledged as a truth in life for those who honestly measure and meditate on their lives with out God. But how can we experience the peace of God promised in the Old Testament? How can we settle the war and receive God’s promised peace?

How Can We Receive Peace With God?

In the Psalms it states:

  • Psalm 85:8-10 – “I will hear what God the Lord will speak, For He will speak peace To His people and to His saints; But let them not turn back to folly.9 Surely His salvation is near to those who fear Him, That glory may dwell in our land.10 Mercy and truth have met together; Righteousness and peace have kissed.”  [13]

These verses are realized in Jesus Christ. Righteousness and peace kiss on the cross of Jesus Christ. Because Jesus paid the debt of our sin, we can now have peace with God. There is no peace for the wicked, but there is peace with God in Christ. This is the good news of the gospel as Paul later affirms when he states:

  • Romans 10:15 – “And how shall they preach unless they are sent? As it is written: 1 “How beautiful are the feet of those who preach the gospel of peace, Who bring glad tidings of good things!”  [14]

In this verse Paul quotes Isaiah 52:7 and the peace promised in the Old Testament is made available by God through the gospel of His Son Jesus Christ.

Peace with God through Jesus Christ

Romans 5:1b- “. . .  we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ,” [15]

The word “peace,” is translated from the Greek term EIRENE  (Strong’s # 1515 - eijrhvnh –  i-ray´-nay) which means, “peace ; implies prosperity; one, peace, quietness, rest, to set at one again.” [16]

When a person is justified by faith, they are brought to “peace with God.” The sinner is at war with God (Isaiah 48:22; James 4:4; Colossians 1:21). But while “peace with God,” does include the cessation of war, it does not only mean the cessation of hostilities, it is not a temporary cease-fire. To the Jewish readers Paul was addressing they would view “peace,” in terms of the OT word SHALOM (Strong’s #7965) which means, “peace; completeness; welfare; health.” [17] From the OT perspective, “peace,” does not simply refer to two warring parties lined up against each other who come to an agreement to coexist separately. SHALOM means a complete and full peace based on reconciliation and the warring parties being joined together in a relationship.

Through our Lord Jesus Christ

Peace with God can ONLY be received through faith in Christ, no one or no thing else. Notice also it describes Jesus as “our Lord,” if Jesus is not Lord of all, He is not Lord at all. There is no true peace in any alternative to Jesus Christ. The eastern religions teach that peace is emptying one’s mind of all and that emptiness is peace. Other religions teach that peace comes through hard work. But none of these alternatives deliver eternal lasting peace with God, only Jesus can do that.

Peace Because of Access To God’s grace

Romans 5:2 – “through whom also we have access by faith into this grace in which we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God.”  [18]

Grace is God’s undeserved unmerited favor toward us. God’s grace is found in His presence. God’s grace is always aimed at leading us to a saving eternal relationship with Him. We stand or are established in a settled and certain life by God’s grace. God’s grace sustains the believer.

Apart from Jesus, a person does not, cannot, have access to God. This was symbolized in the Old Testament by the large veil in the Temple (and Tabernacle) that separated the Holy of Holies from the outer precincts of the Temple. Only the high priest once a year on the Day of Atonement, could enter behind the veil. Man’s sin kept him separate. But when Jesus died on the cross the curtain in the Temple was torn in two from the top to the bottom (Matthew 27:51).

The word “access,” is translated from the Greek term PROSAGOGE (Strong’s # 4318 - prosagwghv  -  pros-ag-ogue-ay´) meaning, “admission; access.”[19] The idea is, “a leading or bringing into the presence of” (pros, “to,” ago, “to lead”), . . .  the thought of freedom to enter through the assistance or favor of another.  [20] “privilege of approach.” [21]

“If you have ever attempted to call the President of the United States, you know how relatively inaccessible he is. To the unbeliever, God the Father is even more inaccessible than the President. He cannot be reached for there is no common ground, no mediator between the unbeliever and God. To the believer, there is access to God because He has justified us. Jesus Christ provides immediate and consistent access to God for all those whom God has declared and treats as righteousness.”[22]

Jesus Our Peace Offering

Jesus is the means by which we can have access to God, His grace, peace and heaven. Peace is only attainable by accessing the God of peace through Jesus Christ by faith. In this regard Jesus is our peace offering. Paul further describes this in his letter to the Ephesians stating:

  • Ephesians 2:14-18 – “For He Himself is our peace, who has made both one, and has broken down the middle wall of separation,15 having abolished in His flesh the enmity, that is, the law of commandments contained in ordinances, so as to create in Himself one new man from the two, thus making peace,16 and that He might reconcile them both to God in one body through the cross, thereby putting to death the enmity.17 And He came and preached peace to you who were afar off and to those who were near.18 For through Him we both have access by one Spirit to the Father.”  [23] (See also John 10:9; 14:6; Ephesians 3:12; Hebrews 10:19).

In the Old Testament one of the sacrificial offerings presented in the Temple and Tabernacle was called the “Peace Offering” or “Fellowship Offering.” In this offering an animal was sacrificed to the LORD and cooked. The priest then ate part of the offering symbolizing God’s acceptance and fellowship with God . The worshipers and their guests would then eat the rest of the sacrifice symbolizing a meal of peace with God. The meal with God symbolized that relationship with God had been restored and God and the offerers were at peace (Leviticus 3; 7; 22; Judges 20:26; 21:4.)

These peace offerings were offered on three occasions in life. First, a peace offering was offered to God for His unsolicited blessing. Second, peace offerings were offered to God as a pledge and vow in the process of making a request to God. Thirdly, a peace offering was offered as a spontaneous act of worship and praise to God. [24]

Jesus Himself is our peace. Because He offered Himself on the cross in our place, we can have peace and fellowship with God, we can sit down at the table of the LORD and eat a fellowship meal with Him. There is no other way to have peace with God. This peace can only come through the saving personal faith relationship we have with Jesus. Jesus removes the cause of the war, our sin, and thus opens the door for peace with God.  

A Peace that Brings Joy

The peace we have through faith in Christ is cause for great joy. Paul goes on to say, “And rejoice in hope of the glory of God.” The word “rejoice,”  is translated from the Greek term KAUCHAOMAI (Strong’s #2744 -kaucavomai - kw-khah´-om-ahee) meaning, “to vaunt (in a good or a bad sense); (make) boast, glory, joy, rejoice.” [25]  And the grammatical form of the term means a constant action (Present/Middle-Passive Deponent/ Indicative). The idea here is to exude in the glory of God.

The peace of God and access to God that Jesus provides is reason for constant rejoicing in Him. GLORY!!!!

A Peace that Overcomes Trials in Life

Romans 5:3-4 – “And not only that, but we also glory in tribulations, knowing that tribulation produces perseverance;4 and perseverance, character; and character, hope.”  [26]

Paul says, “We also glory in tribulations.” The word translated “rejoice” in verse two is the same word translated “glory,” in verse three. The person who is justified by faith can glory in, be joyful in, and rejoice in times of tribulation. How can this be?

Knowing that tribulation produces perseverance;4 and perseverance, character; and character, hope

Because justification by faith brings us to a place where we have a relationship with God, we trust by faith and understand that God uses tribulation in our life to produce perseverance or staying power in our lives; and such perseverance leads to character; and character leads to hope. The secret to rejoicing in tribulation is to look beyond the present in hope to see the end of what God might be doing.

Though an attack may come by Satan (Job 1-2), God allowed it. Nothing can happen to us that God does not allow. And God allows tribulations to accomplish good in you. Paul points this out later when he writes:

  • Romans 8:28 – “And we know that all things work together for good to those who love God, to those who are the called according to His purpose.”  [27]

The psalmist (Psalm 73) began to look at his trying circumstances and draw wrong conclusions. He only was able to cope and make sense of his circumstances when he brought it to God and gained the perspective on reality from God’s sanctuary (Psalm 73:16-17).

We are God’s workmanship, His poem and He uses everything in our lives to mold and shape us into the likeness of His Son (Romans 8:29; Ephesians 2:10; James 1:2-5). TRIALS GIVE US OPPORTUNITIES TO EXPERIENCE THE FAITHFULNESS AND LOVE OF GOD. THE KEY TO JOY IN TRIALS IS KEEPING OUR EYES ON THE ETERNAL ASPECTS AND DIVIDENDS OF OUR CIRCUMSTANCES.

Peace with God Produces Pleasant Results from the Pressures of Life

The word “tribulation” (Strong’s # 2347 – Greek THLIPSIS - qlivyi"thlip´-sis) means, “pressure” resulting from affliction, anguish, burdens, persecutions, trouble or tribulation..[28] These are the inevitable things that we face in life. Life can be a pressure cooker that cooks us to the point of exploding. But when we have peace with God, those pressures can become productive.

The word “produces” (Strong’s # 2716 – Greek KATERGAZOMAI - katergavzomai kateárgazoámai, kat-er-gad´-zom-ahee) refers to something that is accomplished, finished, fashioned, performed, worked and completed in a person.[29] What is it that is produced in us through trials?

Paul says the first thing produced in us is “perseverance” (Strong’s # 5281 – Greek HOOPOMONAI - uJpomonhv hupoámoáneµ, hoop-om-on-ay´) which refers to a cheerful, hopeful endurance and constancy in attitude; patience and enduring continuance in life. [30] When you have peace with God, you persevere because your hope is in Him and you know that whatever befalls you, He is in control and He will bring you through.

The second thing produced in us through trials experienced in peace with God is “character.” “Character”  (Strong’s # 1382 – Greek DOKIME - dokimhv doákimeµ, dok-ee-may´) refers to being tested and found trustworthy. Character is the proof of trustworthiness proved through trial and experience. [31] A person can talk a good talk, but their words are only as good as their walk of their talk. It’s easy to talk a good game, it’s quite another thing to play a good game. Trials provide us with the opportunity to live out the life of peace with God. As we learn to trust God in all things, it builds proven character in us.

The third and last thing produced in the person who lives our peace with God is “hope.” “Hope” (Strong’s # 1680 – Greek ELPIS - ejlpiv" eálpis, el-pece´) means to anticipate the future with pleasure or have a positive expectation and confidence that the end result will be good. [32] When you have peace with God, your life is settled; you know that whatever happens to you in this life, your future is secure with Him. Later Paul writes, “If God is for us who can be against us?” (Romans 8:30-31). In other words, if God is for us, if we have peace with God, it doesn’t matter what hell brings against us, nothing can separate us from His love and eternal life with Him.

A Peace That Rests on a Reliable Hope

Romans 5:5 – “Now hope does not disappoint, because the love of God has been poured out in our hearts by the Holy Spirit who was given to us.”  [33]

Now hope does not disappoint

The one who is justified by faith in Christ on the basis of His completed work, has a hope of eternal life that is unshakable because Christ’s work is totally reliable. Furthermore, when we get further down the road of life we will see just how our loving God used the trials in our lives to build spiritual maturity and character.

Hope placed in God will never lead to disappointment. “Disappoint” means “put to shame because of disappointment” in unfulfilled promises. This affirmation concerning hope in God is a reflection of Psalm 25:3, 20-21 (cf. Ps. 22:5; Rom. 9:33; 1 Peter 2:6).” [34] JESUS NEVER FAILS. NOTHING IS IMPOSSIBLE WITH GOD.

Because the love of God has been poured out in our hearts by the Holy Spirit who was given to us - REGENERATION

Romans 5 began speaking of “faith” (5:1,2), moved to “hope” (5:2,4,5). Now we come full circle to “love.” The love of God is what drives the Christian and it is what the Holy Spirit pours out into our hearts at regeneration. One commentary states:

“The Holy Spirit is the divine Agent who expresses to a believer the love of God, that is, God’s love for him. The reality of God’s love in a believer’s heart gives the assurance, even the guarantee, that the believer’s hope in God and His promise of glory is not misplaced and will not fail. This ministry of the Holy Spirit is related to His presence in believers as the seal of God (Eph. 4:30) and as the earnest or down payment of their inheritance in glory  (2 Cor. 1:21-22; Eph. 1:13-14). Later Paul wrote that the Holy Spirit Himself has been poured out in believers (Titus 3:6). Each believer has the Spirit of Christ (Rom. 8:9) in the sense that He is indwelt by the Holy Spirit (cf. 1 John 3:24; 4:13).” [35]

Peace Birthed in Regeneration

When a person exercises God’s gift of faith in Christ, they are justified, but at that point they are also REGENERATED. Regeneration is the bringing to spiritual life of the one who was once dead in sin. Regeneration is another word for being “born again.” This work of God in the believer is described in the following verses:

  • John 3:3,5 – “Jesus answered and said to him, “Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.” . . . 5 Jesus answered, “Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God.”  [36]
  • Titus 3:3-8 – “For we ourselves were also once foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving various lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy, hateful and hating one another.4 But when the kindness and the love of God our Savior toward man appeared,5 not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to His mercy He saved us, through the washing of regeneration and renewing of the Holy Spirit,6 whom He poured out on us abundantly through Jesus Christ our Savior,7 that having been justified by His grace we should become heirs according to the hope of eternal life.8 This is a faithful saying, and these things I want you to affirm constantly, that those who have believed in God should be careful to maintain good works. These things are good and profitable to men.”  [37]

 

Romans 5:6 – “For when we were still without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly.”  [38]

Outside of salvation in Jesus, we have no spiritual strength. Before conversion we are powerless against sin and by nature children of wrath (Ephesians 2:1-5). The phrase “without strength” is translated from one Greek term ASTHENES (Strong’s # 772 - ajsqenhv"as-then-ace´) which means, “strengthless ;  more feeble, impotent, sick, without strength, weak (-er, -ness, thing).[39]

This spiritual feebleness and weakness is the state of the unconverted and Jesus, therefore, died for the ungodly. Jesus died for one’s who were hopelessly lost and without the ability or capacity to save themselves.

Romans 5:7 – “For scarcely for a righteous man will one die; yet perhaps for a good man someone would even dare to die.”  [40]

You might be able to find an occasional noble act of one dying for a good person. The drive for life is the human’s strongest drive.

Peace Rooted in God’s Love

Romans 5:8 – “But God demonstrates His own love toward us, in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us.”  [41]

By dying for the ungodly, by the pure, perfect, sinless, compassionate, holy loving son of God dying for the weak, beggarly, sinful, rebellious, self-centered despicable sinner, God shows the depth and height and width and breath of His love.

But

A contrast is drawn between verse seven and eight. You’re not going to find anyone who would willingly die for a weak sinful person; BUT God is not like sinful man.

God demonstrates

The word “demonstrate” is translated from the Greek term SUNISTEMI (Strong’s #4921 – sunivsthmi;  soon-is´-tay-mee) which means,  to set together, to introduce, to exhibit;  to stand near, to constitute; approve, commend, consist, make, stand (with). [42] It is a word used by merchants who want to show their merchandize in the most favorable light, to present it in a way that makes it attractive.

His own love toward us

The contrast (“But”) is continued by particularizing the love as “His own.” What is God’s love like? How did He choose to show His love to humanity? In Romans 1:19ff it stated that God revealed Himself to humanity in nature, but it took a very special work to demonstrate His love to humanity.   

The word “love” here is translated from the Greek term AGAPE (Strong’s #25,26 - ajgavph µ, ag-ah´-pay) meaning, “ love, i.e. affection or benevolence;. . .  a love-feast: (feast of) charity ([-ably]), dear, love.” [43] The next phrase shows us how God showed or displayed His love to humanity. 

In that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us

God, who is the One offended and blasphemed by sin, did not sweep sinful humanity off the face of the earth, but rather took the initiative in sending His sinless holy loving Son, God in the flesh, to sinful earth to die in the place of those who were slaves of sin, totally and terminally infected by sin, totally and terminally indulging in the selfish exploits of sin and at the height of sin rejected Jesus God’s Son; but nevertheless, God sent Jesus who died for us while we were still sinners. THAT IS GOD’S LOVE. GOD’S LOVE TAKES THE INITIATIVE AND GIVES TO THOSE WHO CAN’T GIVE BACK. God’s love is an act of mercy and grace to those in a helpless and hopeless situation but who are even blind to their own terminal predicament. That is God’s love. IF YOU EVER DOUBT THE LOVE OF GOD, LOOK TO THE CROSS AND DOUBT NO MORE!!!!!!!!!

Notice, when did God begin to love us? He loved us before we were lovable, when we were still in sin (5:8). Yes, His wrath is on the ungodly and unrighteous (1:18), but in His holiness, in His perfect nature and Being, He is able to reach out in love to those due His wrathful fury. We see this on the cross of Jesus.

Peace Resting in Relief from God’s Wrath

Romans 5:9 – “Much more then, having now been justified by His blood, we shall be saved from wrath through Him.”  [44]

Just as we have been justified by His blood, as surely as Jesus went to the cross and died for you and me, “much more” or even more certainly will we be saved from God’s wrath in the future judgment day. This means that Christians will not go through the 7-year Tribulation (Revelation 6-19) which is a time of God pouring out His wrath on a Christ-rejecting world, Christians saved from God’s wrath will be raptured out of this world before the Tribulation.

Jesus said His disciples would experience trails and hardship in this world, but He also assured us He had overcome this world  (John 16:33). God allows trials in the believer’s life because they serve to mature and strengthen our faith (James 1:2-5; 1 Peter 1:6-9). Trials can serve other purposes of God that we don’t often understand while going through them (Job 1-2; 1 Peter 4:12-19). Satan and the world aim at trying to destroy the believer’s faith with trials (1 Peter 5:8-11).

But there is a  future time of Tribulation that is coming that will particularly be a time of God’s outpoured wrath on a Christ-rejecting world (Matthew 24:21; Mark 13:19; Revelation 7:14). This time is specifically described as a time of God’s wrath (Revelation 6:17; 11:18; 16:1). Christians, as we see from verses 5:9 of Romans, are saved from God’s wrath and since the Tribulation is a time of God’s outpoured wrath, Christian’s will not experience it.

In the Old Testament we are told that God does distinguish between the righteous and the wicked; He does not indiscriminently judge the righteous and wicked together; He will not pour out His wrath on the righteous (Genesis 18:23-33). The purpose of Jesus coming was to make a way for people to be saved from God’s wrath (1 Thessalonians 5:9-10). Therefore, we have peace with God because we know we no longer need fear the wrath of God, we are at peace with God. This is a blessed hope of the believer’s (Titus 2:13).

The means by which God will keep believer’s from His wrath poured out on the inhabitants of the earth during the Tribulation period is the Rapture. The Church composed of true believers, according to the Bible, will be “CAUGHT UP” (Gk. HARPAZO - 1 Thessalonians 4:17 cf. 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18) to meet Jesus in the air. [45] This will cause great consternation and puzzlement to those left behind. The puzzlement over this great event as believers throughout the world instantaneously disappear, will only be exceeded by the grief of the Tribulation period.

Peace Based on “Much More”

Romans 5:10-11 – “For if when we were enemies we were reconciled to God through the death of His Son, much more, having been reconciled, we shall be saved by His life.11 And not only that, but we also rejoice in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have now received the reconciliation.” [46]

As mentioned in 5:1, “peace” with God means more than mere cessation of war, it means what is stated in this verse, “reconciliation.” “Reconciliation” is translated from the Greek term KATALLAGE (Strong’s # 2643 - katallaghv µ, kat-al-lag-ay´) which means, “exchange (fig. adjustment),  restoration to (the divine) favor; atonement, reconciliation (-ing).” [47] Therefore, we can say that, those who are justified by grace through faith in Jesus, are brought into a position of AT-ONE-MENT with God, the broken and dead relationship with God is now repaired and the sinner is brought into a loving relationship with God.

We shall be saved by His life

Herein is a tremendous truth that is often overlooked. Not only does Jesus pay the penalty at the cross put to our account when we place our faith in Him (justification), but HIS LIFE IS PUT TO OUR ACCOUNT so that the blood of Jesus’ death covers sin that is future and replaced with the righteousness of His life. This is what it means to be clothed with Christ.

  • Isaiah 61:10 – “I will greatly rejoice in the Lord, My soul shall be joyful in my God; For He has clothed me with the garments of salvation, He has covered me with the robe of righteousness, As a bridegroom decks himself with ornaments, And as a bride adorns herself with her jewels.” [48]
  • Romans 13:14 – “But put on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make no provision for the flesh, to fulfill its lusts.”  [49]
  • Galatians 3:27 – “For as many of you as were baptized into Christ have put on Christ.” [50]
  • Ephesians 4:20-24 – “But you have not so learned Christ,21 if indeed you have heard Him and have been taught by Him, as the truth is in Jesus:22 that you put off, concerning your former conduct, the old man which grows corrupt according to the deceitful lusts,23 and be renewed in the spirit of your mind,24 and that you put on the new man which was created according to God, in true righteousness and holiness.”  [51]
  • Colossians 3:9-10 – “Do not lie to one another, since you have put off the old man with his deeds,10 and have put on the new man who is renewed in knowledge according to the image of Him who created him,”  [52]

How do we put on Christ in this way? By faith; just as we are justified by faith in Christ, sanctification is by faith. The only difference is that justification is a one time crisis event, while sanctification is an ongoing process.

One Man’s Sin Removed Peace – One Man’s Righteous Act Regenerated Peace

Romans 5:12 – “Therefore, just as through one man sin entered the world, and death through sin, and thus death spread to all men, because all sinned”  [53]

There are some who teach a Moral Government theory of salvation in which humankind is seen as innocent at birth and sin is the result of each person’s own sin. It states that God didn’t know whether or not a person would sin and then when a person did sin, God became very disappointed. This doctrine puts the blame and emphasis on human responsibility. It has the ultimate consequence of making the death of Christ unnecessary because theoretically a person could be born, live and die without sin. Furthermore, they teach that if one man’s sin could not make us all sinners, then one Man’s righteousness cannot make us all righteous. The only way a person can be righteous is by living a sinless life in one’s own strength. This leads to frustration, failure and no hope. (E.g. Islam does not believe in original sin nature of humanity.)

To the contrary, Paul teaches here that Adam was the representative man and by sinning, sin entered the entire world and humanity from that point on. All humanity is guilty and born in sin as a result of Adam’s sin.

The Bible teaches that after the fall of man, man was no longer begotten in the pure sinless likeness of God (Genesis 1:26-27), but in the sinful likeness of Adam:

  • Genesis 5:3 – “And Adam lived one hundred and thirty years, and begot a son in his own likeness, after his image, and named him Seth.”  [54]

Therefore, from this point on the bible states humanity is born in sin:

  • Job 14:4 – “Who can bring a clean thing out of an unclean? No one!”  [55]
  • Job 15:14 - “What is man, that he could be pure? And he who is born of a woman, that he could be righteous?”  [56]
  • Psalm 51:5 – “Behold, I was brought forth in iniquity, And in sin my mother conceived me.”  [57]
  • Psalm 58:3 – “The wicked are estranged from the womb; They go astray as soon as they are born, speaking lies.” [58]
  • Ecclesiastes 7:20 – “For there is not a just man on earth who does good And does not sin.”  [59]
  • Ephesians 2:1-3 – “And you He made alive, who were dead in trespasses and sins,2 in which you once walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit who now works in the sons of disobedience,3 among whom also we all once conducted ourselves in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind, and were by nature children of wrath, just as the others.”  [60]

Therefore, in light of these verses it is clear that sin was imputed to humanity as the result of one man’s sin (Adam). Because of Adam’s sin spiritual and physical death entered the world. If you want to disprove that, don’t die. The fact that we all die is proof that Adam’s sin was passed on to all humanity.

Romans 5:13-14 – “(For until the law sin was in the world, but sin is not imputed when there is no law.14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those who had not sinned according to the likeness of the transgression of Adam, who is a type of Him who was to come.”  [61]

Apart from the Law, sin does not have the transgressive nature that it has under the Law. However, this doesn’t mean humanity did not sin. Death confirms the presence of sin in humanity before the Law as well as the testimony of the Bible which states:

  • Genesis 4:8 – “Now Cain talked with Abel his brother; and it came to pass, when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother and killed him.”  [62]
  • Genesis 6:5-7,11-13 – “Then the Lord saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every intent of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.6 And the Lord was sorry that He had made man on the earth, and He was grieved in His heart.7 So the Lord said, “I will destroy man whom I have created from the face of the earth, both man and beast, creeping thing and birds of the air, for I am sorry that I have made them.” . . . 11 The earth also was corrupt before God, and the earth was filled with violence.12 So God looked upon the earth, and indeed it was corrupt; for all flesh had corrupted their way on the earth.13 And God said to Noah, “The end of all flesh has come before Me, for the earth is filled with violence through them; and behold, I will destroy them with the earth.”  [63] (See also Babel – Genesis 11; Lot; Laban; Joseph’s brothers; et.al.)

Sin was still bad enough to lead to God’s judgment as in the circumstances of the Flood. Adam only had one law, and he sinned. That is the sinful nature of humanity.

Who is a type of Him who was to come

Adam was a type of Jesus in that he is representative man, when he sinned, we all sinned in him and sin is imputed to all humanity. In a similar way, Jesus came as a Man, died on the cross in our place, and His righteousness can be imputed to the one whose faith is placed in Him. If you remove the capability of Adam sinning for all humanity, you also remove the possibility of Jesus bringing justification to humanity.

A PERSON SINS BECAUE THEY ARE A SINNER; THEY DO NOT BECOME A SINNER BECAUSE THEY SIN. HUMANITY IS A SINNER BY NATURE.

ADAM                                                                       JESUS

15 – Many died because of one man’s trespass.         Grace abounds to many by one Man Jesus.

16 – Adam brought judgment & condemnation.        Many trespasses dealt with via justification.

17 – Adam’s sin = death reign.                                   Jesus = righteousness reigns in life.   

18 – One offense = condemnation for all.                  Jesus act (cross) = righteousness offered all

19 – Adams’ disobedience = all sinners.                                Jesus’ obedience = righteousness       

21 – Sin reigns in death.                                             Grace reigns in eternal life through Jesus.

 

The KJV Bible Commentary states:

“The grace of God, which is the ground of our justification, is contrasted with the sin of Adam, because it is greater in quality and greater in degree than Adam’s sin. In Adam we got what we deserved, condemnation and guilt. In Christ we have received much more of what we do not deserve, mercy and grace.” [64]

 

Romans 5:15-16 – “But the free gift is not like the offense. For if by the one man’s offense many died, much more the grace of God and the gift by the grace of the one Man, Jesus Christ, abounded to many.16 And the gift is not like that which came through the one who sinned. For the judgment which came from one offense resulted in condemnation, but the free gift which came from many offenses resulted in justification.”  [65]

One sin made us all sinners; but all of the sins were taken care of by the one Man Jesus on the cross.

Romans 5:17 – “For if by the one man’s offense death reigned through the one, much more those who receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness will reign in life through the One, Jesus Christ.)”  [66]

Death reigned over man because of the one man’s offense; but “much more” will people reign (as kings) in life through faith in Christ because of His one act.

 

Romans 5:18-19 – “Therefore, as through one man’s offense judgment came to all men, resulting in condemnation, even so through one Man’s righteous act the free gift came to all men, resulting in justification of life.19 For as by one man’s disobedience many were made sinners, so also by one Man’s obedience many will be made righteous.”  [67]

Judgment and condemnation came through Adam; but through Jesus one righteous act justification came.

The Peace “of “God

Romans 5:20-21 – “Moreover the law entered that the offense might abound. But where sin abounded, grace abounded much more,21 so that as sin reigned in death, even so grace might reign through righteousness to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.”  [68]

The Law removed any excuse or claim to ignorance of the sinful man. One act led to the sin of all humanity; one act of Jesus on the cross led to the justification of those who put faith in Christ.

But where sin abounded, grace abounded much more

It is one thing to have peace with God; it is another thing to have the peace of God. Not only does God provide peace with Him, but He also provides His peace to help us live in this life now. There is a distinctive difference to notice here. Some have peace with God, but are still plagued by the trails and circumstances of life. The peace of God is that steadying force, that inner sense that God is in control no matter what. The peace of God is that settling effect that guards the believer’s heart from being overwhelmed by trusting hopefully in God to be faithful in all of life. How can we receive the peace of God?

First, the peace of God is received as we commit all things to Him in prayer. Paul speaks of this to the Philippians when he is inspired to write:

  • Philippians 4:6-9 – “Be anxious for nothing, but in everything by prayer and supplication, with thanksgiving, let your requests be made known to God;7 and the peace of God, which surpasses all understanding, will guard your hearts and minds through Christ Jesus. 8 Finally, brethren, whatever things are true, whatever things are noble, whatever things are just, whatever things are pure, whatever things are lovely, whatever things are of good report, if there is any virtue and if there is anything praiseworthy—meditate on these things.9 The things which you learned and received and heard and saw in me, these do, and the God of peace will be with you.” [69]

The peace of God permeates the believer to the depths of their being and takes up residence in the mind and heart. By prayer in all things, we declare our dependence upon God who comes to us in our time of need to guard and quiet our anxieties and fears. Fear is the foe of faith and is overcome by prayerfully putting faith in God. That is what the peace of God does.

Second, the peace of God is fueled by the word of God and worship. Paul was inspired to write to the Colossian church:

  • Colossians 3:15-17 – “And let the peace of God rule in your hearts, to which also you were called in one body; and be thankful.16 Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly in all wisdom, teaching and admonishing one another in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing with grace in your hearts to the Lord.17 And whatever you do in word or deed, do all in the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God the Father through Him.”  [70]

Now notice how this passage starts. Paul says, “Let.” This is an exhortation that implies God wants to give you His peace and all we need do is let Him give it to us. The peace of God is from Him received by us by faith. Paul tells us to let God’s peace rule our hearts and be thankful for it. And then we see the fuel of the peace of God. The word of God fuels the peace of God in us because the word of God testifies to the faithfulness and provision of God.

One of the best ways to counter anxiety and fear is to consume the word of God, read it, meditate on it, and study it prayerfully. Paul points us to the psalms in particular. I always find the psalms comforting to read during times of trials or difficulties.

Paul also points us to worship as a means of bring the peace of God into our lives. If you’re having a hard time of it, worship the Lord. Turn off the TV and turn on the praise and worship. Worship in the Spirit and the peace of God will come upon you and settle your heart and mind.

God doesn’t only provide the opportunity to have peace with Him, but “much more,” He provides His peace to help us through life now.

Conclusion

Charles Ryrie, in his book So Great Salvation, tells a story of a Father and child that illustrates the practical nature of peace with God.

The 3-year old felt secure in his father's arms as Dad stood in the middle of the pool. But Dad, for fun, began walking slowly toward the deep end, gently chanting, "Deeper and deeper and deeper," as the water rose higher and higher on the child. The lad's face registered increasing degrees of panic, as he held all the more tightly to his father, who, of course, easily touched the bottom. Had the little boy been able to analyze his situation, he'd have realized there was no reason for increased anxiety. The water's depth in ANY part of the pool was over his head. Even in the shallowest part, had he not been held up, he'd have drowned. His safety anywhere in that pool depended on Dad. At various points in our lives, all of us feel we're getting "out of our depth" -- problems abound, a job is lost, someone dies. Our temptation is to panic, for we feel we've lost control. Yet, as with the child in the pool, the truth is we've never been in control over the most valuable things of life. We've always been held up by the grace of God, our Father, and that does not change. God is never out of his depth, and therefore we're safe when we're "going deeper" than we've ever been. [71]

When we come to rest by faith in Christ, in peace with God, we rest in His arms. Resting in His arms, we should fear nothing in this life. By faith we receive peace with God; by faith we receive the peace of God; and then no matter how deep we go in life, God holds us and we get through.

Some react to God’s abundant grace in Christ by thinking they can indulge their sinful fleshly desires in order to give God an opportunity to apply His grace. This is merely an indication of the absence of true conversion (Matthew 13). Paul addresses this in Romans 6.

 

 



[1] http://www.christianglobe.com/Illustrations/theDetails.asp?whichOne=p&whichFile=peace

[2]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[3]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[4]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[5]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[6]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[7]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[8]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[9]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[10]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[11]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[12]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[13]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[14]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[15]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[16]James Strong, New Strong’s dictionary of Hebrew and Greek words [computer file], electronic ed., Logos Library System, (Nashville: Thomas Nelson) 1997, c1996.

[17]W.E. Vine, Merrill F. Unger and William White, Vine’s complete expository dictionary of Old and New Testament words [computer file], electronic ed., Logos Library System, (Nashville: Thomas Nelson) 1997, c1996.

[18]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[19]James Strong, New Strong’s dictionary of Hebrew and Greek words [computer file], electronic ed., Logos Library System, (Nashville: Thomas Nelson) 1997, c1996.

[20]W.E. Vine, Merrill F. Unger and William White, Vine’s complete expository dictionary of Old and New Testament words [computer file], electronic ed., Logos Library System, (Nashville: Thomas Nelson) 1997, c1996.

[21]Walvoord, John F., and Zuck, Roy B., The Bible Knowledge Commentary, (Wheaton, Illinois: Scripture Press Publications, Inc.) 1983, 1985.

[22]Jerry Falwell, executive editor; Edward E. Hinson and Michael Kroll Woodrow, general editors, KJV Bible commentary [computer file], electronic ed., Logos Library System, (Nashville: Thomas Nelson) 1997, c1994.

[23]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[24]Ronald F. Youngblood, general editor; F.F. Bruce and R.K. Harrison, consulting editors, Nelson’s new illustrated Bible dictionary: An authoritative one-volume reference work on the Bible with full color illustrations [computer file], electronic edition of the revised edition of Nelson’s illustrated Bible dictionary, Logos Library System, (Nashville: Thomas Nelson) 1997, c1995.

[25]James Strong, New Strong’s dictionary of Hebrew and Greek words [computer file], electronic ed., Logos Library System, (Nashville: Thomas Nelson) 1997, c1996.

[26]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[27]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[28]James Strong, New Strong’s dictionary of Hebrew and Greek words [computer file], electronic ed., Logos Library System, (Nashville: Thomas Nelson) 1997, c1996.

[29]James Strong, New Strong’s dictionary of Hebrew and Greek words [computer file], electronic ed., Logos Library System, (Nashville: Thomas Nelson) 1997, c1996.

[30]James Strong, New Strong’s dictionary of Hebrew and Greek words [computer file], electronic ed., Logos Library System, (Nashville: Thomas Nelson) 1997, c1996.

[31]James Strong, New Strong’s dictionary of Hebrew and Greek words [computer file], electronic ed., Logos Library System, (Nashville: Thomas Nelson) 1997, c1996.

[32]James Strong, New Strong’s dictionary of Hebrew and Greek words [computer file], electronic ed., Logos Library System, (Nashville: Thomas Nelson) 1997, c1996.

[33]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[34]Walvoord, John F., and Zuck, Roy B., The Bible Knowledge Commentary, (Wheaton, Illinois: Scripture Press Publications, Inc.) 1983, 1985.

[35]Walvoord, John F., and Zuck, Roy B., The Bible Knowledge Commentary, (Wheaton, Illinois: Scripture Press Publications, Inc.) 1983, 1985.

[36]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[37]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[38]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[39]James Strong, New Strong’s dictionary of Hebrew and Greek words [computer file], electronic ed., Logos Library System, (Nashville: Thomas Nelson) 1997, c1996.

[40]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[41]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[42]James Strong, New Strong’s dictionary of Hebrew and Greek words [computer file], electronic ed., Logos Library System, (Nashville: Thomas Nelson) 1997, c1996.

[43]James Strong, New Strong’s dictionary of Hebrew and Greek words [computer file], electronic ed., Logos Library System, (Nashville: Thomas Nelson) 1997, c1996.

[44]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[45] The Latin Vulgate translation of the New Testament translates HARPAZO as RAPTUS, from which we get the English word RAPTURE. While the term “rapture” does not occur in Scripture, neither do the terms “trinity” or “millennium” and therefore this should not discount it’s validity.

 

[46]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[47]James Strong, New Strong’s dictionary of Hebrew and Greek words [computer file], electronic ed., Logos Library System, (Nashville: Thomas Nelson) 1997, c1996.

[48]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[49]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[50]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[51]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[52]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[53]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[54]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[55]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[56]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[57]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[58]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[59]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[60]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[61]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[62]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[63]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[64]Jerry Falwell, executive editor; Edward E. Hinson and Michael Kroll Woodrow, general editors, KJV Bible commentary [computer file], electronic ed., Logos Library System, (Nashville: Thomas Nelson) 1997, c1994.

[65]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[66]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[67]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[68]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[69]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[70]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[71] Charles Ryrie, So Great Salvation, Victor Books, 1989, p. 137ff.