ROMANS 6:1-23 Sanctified By God’s Grace

 

Summary

 

In Romans 1:1-17 we have a Salutation and Statement of Purpose. Paul states the purpose of this epistle as:

 

·         Romans 1:15-17 – “So, as much as is in me, I am ready to preach the gospel to you who are in Rome also. 16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ, for it is the power of God to salvation for everyone who believes, for the Jew first and also for the Greek. 17 For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith to faith; as it is written, “The just shall live by faith.”  [1]

 

We have been studying the epistle to the Romans in light of these verses where Paul says he is “ready” to preach the gospel and he is “unashamed” of the gospel of Christ. Our prayerful, Spirit-enabled goal is to be ready and unashamed to share the gospel like Paul was. These are critically important times in which we live and we want to be useable to the Lord to accomplish His great commission and lead as many to salvation in Christ as possible.   

In Romans 1:18-3:18 we have The Shamefully Sinful State of Humankind. We said that in order to know the antidote, we must first identify the poison. Sin is the poison and the gospel of Jesus Christ is the antidote.

In this section God’s wrath is revealed:

  • Romans 1:18 – “For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who suppress the truth in unrighteousness,” [2]

This section can be summed up with the following verse:

·         Romans 3:10 – “As it is written: “There is none righteous, no, not one;”  [3]

 

The shame of humanity is that there is none righteous, no not one, all fall short of God’s glory; all have sinned (Romans 3:23).

 

In Romans 3:19-5:21 we see that Salvation = Justification By Grace Through Faith. In this section we see that the law of God was not given to make one righteous, but to expose the sinfulness of humanity (3:19-20). God’s righteousness is “apart from the law” and is available to everyone through faith in Jesus because everyone has sinned and fallen short of God’s standard   (3:21-23). God justifies (God’s declaration of right standing before Him and treating the one declared just accordingly) freely by His grace on the basis of Jesus propitiation (God’s sacrifice in Christ on the cross which satisfied the just penalty due sin) and is both “just and the justifier” in Christ (3:24-26). The work of Jesus is complete and nothing can be added to it (3:27-31).

The means of being made just before God is faith and this is not something new but has been demonstrated in the Old Testament in the life of Abraham and David. Even they showed that a person is not counted as just by their works, (they each sinned) for if they had to work for their justification it would not be by God’s grace but something that is earned and owed to the worker by God (4:4). No, the faith that justifies is from God and trusts in God just as Abraham and David did (4:1-25).

When God declares one just that justified one has peace with God and gain access into God’s gracious presence, a living personal relationship with God in Christ and through Jesus Christ (5:1-2). God’s work of justification is concurrent with our regeneration where we receive the indwelling of the Holy Spirit who brings us His love (5:3-5). God justifies the ungodly, apart from our works, and in so doing demonstrates fully His love for us because we don’t deserve what He did in Christ (5:6-11). Jesus is a second Adam in that the first Adam sinned once and sin spread to all humanity; Jesus went to the cross once and righteousness was made available to all (5:12-19). Therefore we can say:

  • Romans 5:20-21 – “Moreover the law entered that the offense might abound. But where sin abounded, grace abounded much more,21 so that as sin reigned in death, even so grace might reign through righteousness to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.”  [4]

The closing words of Romans 5 are a segway into our next section. What we saw in Romans 5 is that God’s grace and provision for us is always “much more” than we could ever imagine. God’s grace is always “much more.” Just when we think we have seen the height, depth, width and breadth of God’s grace and love, he shows us there is still more. God is incredible! His love knows no limits; His grace is ever abundant and overflowing. You just can’t exhaust the gracious resources of God. Now we will see that not only does God, through faith in Jesus Christ, graciously save, justify, forgive, reconcile, and redeem us, He also empowers us to live holy sanctified lives to His glory. In our next section we will find God’s answer to the war within us, the battle between the Spirit and the flesh. And what we will find in the end is that we are “more than conquerors through Him who loved us.”

 

Introduction

 

In Romans 6 thru 8 we pass to Paul’s inspired teaching about God’s ongoing progressive provision that is started in justification and regeneration and continues in life. The continued and ongoing work of God in and through the one who has been justified is called SANCTIFICATION. Romans 6 thru 8 is therefore entitled Sanctification in the Spirit, since the ongoing process of sanctification of the believer is a work of the Spirit in the believer.

 

The Bible Knowledge Commentary states:

 

Sanctification begins with regeneration, the implanting of spiritual life in a believer. From that starting point sanctification is God’s progressively separating a believer from sin to Himself and transforming his total life experience toward holiness and purity. The process of sanctification for a believer never ends while he is on earth in his mortal body. It is consummated in glorification when that believer through death and resurrection or through the Rapture stands in the presence of God “conformed to the likeness of His Son” (8:29). A believer’s identification with Jesus Christ by faith is both the ground and the goal of sanctification. The process of translating that identification into the daily experience of progressive sanctification, . . .”    [5]

 

The Problem

 

Paul now anticipates those who would manipulate to their own sinful ends the grace of God. There are those who say, “Well, if grace abounds where sin abounds, then let’s sin.” Such are called antinomians, or those who view God’s grace as a license to sin. (“Antinomians” = literally: “anti” – against + “nomians” – law.)

 

Romans 6:1-2 – “What shall we say then? Shall we continue in sin that grace may abound?2 Certainly not! How shall we who died to sin live any longer in it?”  [6]

In Romans 6 Paul is inspired to address anticipated responses to this gospel teaching. The primary question Paul anticipates is, “If justification is not by keeping the law (3:21-22) but only through faith, if we are justified ‘freely by His grace’ (3:24), if we aren’t to do any works to be made righteous before God (4:4-5), then does it matter how we live at all? Doesn’t the more we sin provide more of an opportunity for God to demonstrate His grace? Shouldn’t we disregard any concern about sinning? In other words, “What happens after we’re justified?”

 

There are always going to be people who are inclined to look for loopholes in God’s word to indulge their sin. In Peter’s second epistle he refers to Paul’s inspired writings as part of Scripture but also to those who twist Scripture “to their own destruction.” The passage states;

 

  • 2 Peter 3:15-16 – “and consider that the longsuffering of our Lord is salvation—as also our beloved brother Paul, according to the wisdom given to him, has written to you,16 as also in all his epistles, speaking in them of these things, in which are some things hard to understand, which untaught and unstable people twist to their own destruction, as they do also the rest of the Scriptures.”  [7]

What Paul is doing in Romans 6 is anticipating such Scripture twisting and addressing right away.

It is possible to twist Scripture taking them out of context and making them say something they were not meant to say. In Romans 5 Paul said:

  • Romans 5:20 – “Moreover the law entered that the offense might abound. But where sin abounded, grace abounded much more,”  [8]

Paul foresees those who would say, “Well, if grace abounds where sin abounds, then we should sin that grace might abound.” But this is totally contradictory to anything Paul was inspired to say. Paul says, “Certainly not!”

The threefold attack

The Christian comes under attack from three points: the world, the flesh, and the devil.

  • The world - 1 John 2:15-16 – “Do not love the world or the things in the world. If anyone loves the world, the love of the Father is not in him.16 For all that is in the world—the lust of the flesh, the lust of the eyes, and the pride of life—is not of the Father but is of the world.”  [9]
  • The flesh - Galatians 5:17 – “For the flesh lusts against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh; and these are contrary to one another, so that you do not do the things that you wish.”  [10]
  • The devil - 1 Peter 5:8 – “Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil walks about like a roaring lion, seeking whom he may devour.”  [11]

These three areas of attack gang up on the believer to try to warp and twist the Scripture perception of the believer.

We do not stop being human when we are saved from our sin. Prior to salvation the flesh (self-centered sinful nature of sinful humanity) dominates the will of the unsaved. The Spirit is not there to counter it. In addition to the flesh, the fallen world and the prime instigator of sin and rebellion the devil incite the flesh to sin all the more.

In the death of Jesus, God has made available provision to have victory over the sinful flesh. When a person is saved the Spirit comes to reside within and take supreme rule. The flesh is proud and opposed to losing control and so the war is on.

“How shall we who died to sin live any longer in it?” 

At justification, God blotted out our sin of the past, and, removes the bondage of sin present. Justification is not meant to pave the way for us to indulge in sin, but to be freed from its bondage (sanctification).

The KJV Bible Commentary states:

“In every age there have been those who have denounced the doctrine of justification by faith on the incorrect supposition that this doctrine logically leads to sin. “If the believer is treated as righteous by God, and if good works will not save him, then evil works will not condemn him either. Why then should he be concerned about his sin or attempt to live a godly life?” Paul anticipated this very attitude in 6:1–2. Theologically, this belief is known as antinomianism. Paul’s answer is crystal clear. Just because where sin abounded grace super-abounded, the believer is not automatically drawn to license in his life-style. On the contrary, a mature understanding of justification by faith leads the believer to appreciate God’s grace, so that the end result is obedience to God out of a heart filled with gratitude. Paul’s characteristic expression "God forbid!" shows how appalled he is at the mere suggestion of continuing in sin once we have experienced the grace of God. We cannot continue in sin because through our identification with Jesus Christ we are dead to sin. To die unto sin means that we are dead to the guilt of sin. Sin can no longer make any legal claim on the believer because we are viewed by God as if we ourselves had died that fateful day at Calvary.”  [12]

Therefore, let’s look at the aspects of this lifelong process of sanctification.

The Four Aspects of the Sanctified Life

 

There are four aspects of the sanctified life that the believer needs to understand and follow in the life of sanctification. These are:

 

1.      KNOW what you believe – 6:3-10

    1. RECKON what you believe true by faith – 6:11-12
    2. PRESENT yourself to God – 6:13-19
    3. SERVE the LORD/Bear Fruit – 6:20-23

 

These are the four aspects of the sanctified life that make it work. Understand that this is not keeping rules in ones own strength (i.e. legalism); this is surrendering to Jesus in the Holy Spirit and allowing Him to work in and through you in life.

 

KNOW WHAT YOU BELIEVE – 6:3-10

 

If you don’t know what blessing, gift and power God has made available to you in Christ, how will you ever be able to profit from it. If you win the lottery, but no one ever tells you about it or you never find out about it, how will you ever be able to cash the check? Therefore, what is it that we need to start off knowing in the sanctified life? One commentator states:

 

The repetition of the word “know” in Romans 6:1, 6, and 9 indicates that Paul wanted us to understand a basic doctrine. Christian living depends on Christian learning; duty is always founded on doctrine. If Satan can keep a Christian ignorant, he can keep him impotent. [13]

 

It is critically important to grow in what you know about Jesus. Peter conveyed this with the following words:

 

  • 2 Peter 1:5-11 – “For this very reason, make every effort to add to your faith goodness; and to goodness, knowledge; 6 and to knowledge, self-control; and to self-control, perseverance; and to perseverance, godliness; 7 and to godliness, brotherly kindness; and to brotherly kindness, love. 8 For if you possess these qualities in increasing measure, they will keep you from being ineffective and unproductive in your knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ. 9 But if anyone does not have them, he is nearsighted and blind, and has forgotten that he has been cleansed from his past sins. 10 Therefore, my brothers, be all the more eager to make your calling and election sure. For if you do these things, you will never fall, 11 and you will receive a rich welcome into the eternal kingdom of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ.”  [14]

In Romans, what is it that Paul says we should know to grow in the sanctified life?

 

Know That We Are Dead To Sin

 

Romans 6:3 – “Or do you not know that as many of us as were baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into His death?[15]

The phrase,  “do you not know” here is translated from the Greek term AGNOEO (Strong’s #50 - ajgnoevw agnoáeáoµ, ag-no-eh´-o) which means, “not to know through lack of information or intelligence; by implication, to ignore (through disinclination); (be) ignorant (-ly), not know, not understand, unknown.” [16] What do we need to know?

We are in a position of death to sin and alive to God. This is a position that we need to assume by faith. The flesh will still try to draw us out of position. One commentator puts it like this:

 

The basic truth Paul was teaching is the believer’s identification with Christ in death, burial, and resurrection. Just as we are identified with Adam in sin and condemnation, so we are now identified with Christ in righteousness and justification. At Romans 5:12, Paul made a transition from discussing “sins” to discussing “sin”—from the actions to the principle, from the fruit to the root. Jesus Christ not only died for our sins, but He also died unto sin, and we died with Him. [17]

 

Baptism is an outward symbol of death to sin within. Now, when the fleshly old sinful nature rears its angry head, by faith, bring it to the cross and put it back in the grave, put it in the coffin and close the lid. As often as the flesh crops up, by faith “reckon” it by faith as dead based on your position and identification in Christ. Don’t justify your fleshly acts or thoughts, bring them to the cross and let them die.

The KJV bible Commentary states:

So many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ. Baptism into Christ means to be incorporated into Him, to become a member of His body (I Cor 12:13), and to share with Him those experiences which, although were historically His, are vicariously ours (i.e., His crucifixion, death, burial, and resurrection).[18]

Baptism, therefore, pictures burying the old man, the flesh and death to the self-centered self-serving attitudes and way of life.

Know Christ’s Resurrection Power

Romans 6:4 – “Therefore we were buried with Him through baptism into death, that just as Christ was raised from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life.”  [19]

In Biblical times there was no radio, television, movies, Internet, even the printed page was scarce. In order to communicate in a memorable way ritual was used. In the Old Testament the seriousness of sin was conveyed by way of sacrifice. Prophets acted out messages from the LORD (see Ezekiel for example). Baptism is just such a ritual. Baptism, the immersion under water and rising up out of water symbolizes death to one life and way of life (immersion), it represents burial. Coming up out of the water after having been immersed represents resurrection to new life. When a person is baptized therefore, they are testifying symbolically and publicly confessing that they have put their faith in Jesus Christ and in so doing, have died to their old way of life and have been raised to new life having been forgiven their sins and regenerated in the Spirit.

Now we need to remind you as we did earlier in our study that the power of ritual is not in the ritual but is in the reality it represents. Baptism is only as valid for the individual as it represents the reality of God’s work in that individual. Baptism doesn’t save a person; the reality it represents saves the person. A ritual is an outward expression of a real inward work.

Just as Jesus did not stay in the grave, but rose from the dead, we too should also “walk in newness of life.” The believer is to live in newness of life that is dead to sin. And that new life is lived in the power of the resurrection of Jesus Christ. The resurrection is at the heart of the gospel (Romans 10:8-10). By the resurrection God showed that the sacrifice of Jesus was acceptable and satisfactory to meet His just requirement of His Law in judging sin. But also in the resurrection God showed that the power of sin, which is death, was overcome by the resurrection power of Jesus (Romans 6:23; 1 Corinthians 15).

There would be no gospel without the resurrection of Jesus Christ. The resurrection of Jesus is God’s confirmation that Jesus’ substitutionary sacrifice on the cross was acceptable and satisfactory to meet the demands of His justice regarding the payment of the penalty for sin. If Jesus hadn’t risen from the dead, he would have been a liar, (because He promised to raise from the dead repeatedly - Matthew 16:21; 20:17, 19; Mark 8:31; 9:31; Luke 9:22; 18:31; 24:46; john 2:19). If Jesus hadn’t risen from the dead, He would have been relegated to the heap of other religious leaders throughout history. But the resurrection of Jesus Christ sets Him apart fro all others and places Him on the throne. Jesus alone has accomplished the redemption of humanity through His death and resurrection (see Revelation 4-5).

Resurrection Power for Life

That the power of the resurrection can be applied to the life of the believer is seen in the following verses:

·         2 Corinthians 13:4 – “For though He was crucified in weakness, yet He lives by the power of God. For we also are weak in Him, but we shall live with Him by the power of God toward you.”  [20]

 

·         Philippians 3:10,20-21  - “that I may know Him and the power of His resurrection, and the fellowship of His sufferings, being conformed to His death, . . . For our citizenship is in heaven, from which we also eagerly wait for the Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ, 21 who will transform our lowly body that it may be conformed to His glorious body, according to the working by which He is able even to subdue all things to Himself.”  [21]

 

The same power that raised Jesus from the dead is available to us to live out the sanctified life. But what is the “power of His resurrection” that Paul wanted to know and that he wants all believers to know?

 

What is Resurrection Power?

 

When Paul says, “that I may know Him and the power of His resurrection” (Philippians 3:10), there are two words we need to examine. First, the word “know” here is translated from the Greek term GNONAI from GNOSKO (Strong’s # 1097) which means, “to be taken in knowledge, to come to know, recognize, understand, understand completely.” [22] The idea here is to know by experience. The other term we need to examine is the word “power” which is translated from the Greek term DUNAMIS (Strong’s # 1411 - duvnami"  dunamis,    doo´-nam-is) meaning, “ability, abundance, meaning, might, worker of miracle (-s), power, strength, violence, mighty (wonderful) work.”  [23]  “Power ” (dynamis, also used in Acts 1:8; Rom. 1:16) means ability to overcome resistance. [24]

 

Now Paul directs us to “know” two things in this verse. First Paul wants us to know “Him” and secondly, he wants us to know “the power of His resurrection.” What “power” was and is there is the resurrection of Jesus? The resurrection manifests the power to overcome evil, sin, death and any other thing that opposes the will of God. That is what Paul is inspired to tell us we need to know. Now don’t separate the two things Paul wants us to know because to do that is to defuse the power. The power of the resurrection is Christ raised from the dead living in us. Christ is us by the Spirit empowers us and guides us in the sanctifying process of being conformed to the likeness of Jesus.

 

There are other verses which speak of this power of Christ living in us that we need to know and experience. Paul is inspired to write of it in the following verses:

 

  • Galatians 2:20 - “I have been crucified with Christ; it is no longer I who live, but Christ lives in me; and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave Himself for me.”  [25]

It is the presence of Christ in us and our relationship with Him by the Spirit that gives us hope. Paul was inspired to put it this way:

  • Colossians 1:27-29 – “To them God willed to make known what are the riches of the glory of this mystery among the Gentiles: which is Christ in you, the hope of glory.28 Him we preach, warning every man and teaching every man in all wisdom, that we may present every man perfect in Christ Jesus.29 To this end I also labor, striving according to His working which works in me mightily.”  [26]

The “hope of glory” we have is because Jesus lives in us by the Spirit and we have the hope that God in Christ will complete His work in us and bring us on into His glorious presence (Philippians 1:6; 2:13).

 

Paul offered prayers to God on behalf of believers that they might know the power of Christ living in them. Read what Paul prayed and make it your prayer to, know it by experience:

 

·         Ephesians 1:15-21 – “Therefore I also, after I heard of your faith in the Lord Jesus and your love for all the saints, 16 do not cease to give thanks for you, making mention of you in my prayers: 17 that the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give to you the spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of Him, 18 the eyes of your understanding being enlightened; that you may know what is the hope of His calling, what are the riches of the glory of His inheritance in the saints, 19 and what is the exceeding greatness of His power toward us who believe, according to the working of His mighty power 20 which He worked in Christ when He raised Him from the dead and seated Him at His right hand in the heavenly places, 21 far above all principality and power and might and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this age but also in that which is to come.”  [27]

 

  • Ephesians 3:13-21 – “Therefore I ask that you do not lose heart at my tribulations for you, which is your glory. 14 For this reason I bow my knees to the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ,15 from whom the whole family in heaven and earth is named,16 that He would grant you, according to the riches of His glory, to be strengthened with might through His Spirit in the inner man,17 that Christ may dwell in your hearts through faith; that you, being rooted and grounded in love,18 may be able to comprehend with all the saints what is the width and length and depth and height—19 to know the love of Christ which passes knowledge; that you may be filled with all the fullness of God.20 Now to Him who is able to do exceedingly abundantly above all that we ask or think, according to the power that works in us,21 to Him be glory in the church by Christ Jesus to all generations, forever and ever. Amen.”  [28]

Notice, where Christ is present in us in His resurrection power, we are strengthened and we are enveloped and empowered BY HIS LOVE. Furthermore, His power in us exceeds our comprehension and expectations. HIS POWER IN US IS LIIMITLESS. That’s what we need to know in the sanctified life.

 

Know the Old Man WAS Crucified With Christ

Romans 6:5-6a – “For if we have been united together in the likeness of His death, certainly we also shall be in the likeness of His resurrection,6 knowing this, that our old man was crucified with Him,  . . . ”  [29]

The word, “knowing” here and in verse 9 is translated from the Greek term GNOSKO (Strong’s # 1097 - ginwvskw ginoµskoµ, ghin-oce´-ko) meaning, “ to know” (absolutely) . . .  allow, be aware (of), feel, (have) know (-ledge), perceive, be resolved, can speak, be sure, understand.” [30] The idea of the term GNOSKO is to KNOW BY EXPERIENCE. To “know” something in this sense is to have combined FAITH with KNOWLEDGE.

Furthermore, the Greek form of this word (Present/Active/Indicative) has with it the idea of an ongoingness, a continual action. We need to know this and keep on knowing it. What is it that we need to keep in the front of our minds?

“Crucified with Him” – A Completed Work

We need to constantly know that the “old man was crucified with him.”” “Was crucified with Him,” grammatically, are an Aorist/Passive/ Indicative meaning an action has taken place. We don’t need to keep bringing our flesh back over and over again to be crucified at the cross of Christ, it has been done. We simply have to keep in mind WHAT IS ALREADY TRUE FOR US IN CHIRST, THAT OUR FLESH IS CRUCIFIED WITH CHRIST.

We need to know this in the sense of we gain by knowledge and then by faith live it as true. At the cross of Christ our old sinful way of life, our old sinful way of thinking, our old sinful bag of sins “is crucified with Him.” Our sin is dealt with in Christ at the cross. That is something we need to know if we are to proceed in the sanctified life. This leads us to the next thing we need to know.

Know That the Flesh Is Out Of Business

Romans 6:6b – “. . . that the body of sin might be done away with, . . .”   [31]

 

The body of sin,” is another way of referring to the flesh. “The flesh” is that part of our being that is sinfully self-centered and self-serving in nature and attitude. Now any living Christian will tell you that even after they have accepted Christ as their Savior, their flesh is still a problem. The Christian continues to think about themselves, pamper themselves, look at the world around them through the lens of self and serve themselves. This is not God’s will for the Christian but it is a reality nonetheless. Paul described such Christians as “carnal” or literally fleshy. Paul was inspired by God to write of such fleshy believers in the following way:

 

  • 1 Corinthians 3:1-3 – “And I, brethren, could not speak to you as to spiritual people but as to carnal, as to babes in Christ.2 I fed you with milk and not with solid food; for until now you were not able to receive it, and even now you are still not able;3 for you are still carnal. For where there are envy, strife, and divisions among you, are you not carnal and behaving like mere men?” [32]

We will go into what the flesh is all about in much greater detail in Romans 7. But suffice it to say now; the flesh is a real thorn to our spiritual life. But God has made a way to keep it under control.

The Possibility of Putting the Flesh Out of Business

The phrase “done away with” is translated from one Greek term KATARGEO (Strong’s # 2673 - καταργέω katargeo, kat-arg-eh´-o) which means, “to be (render) entirely idle (useless), abolish, cease, cumber, deliver, destroy, do away, become (make) of no (none, without) effect, fail, loose, bring (come) to nought, put away (down), vanish away, make void.” But what is also very important is to understand the grammatical form of this term.

 

KATARGEO here is in the Aorist/Passive/Subjunctive form. Greek verbal terms have a Tense which defines the time represented by the verb (e.g. past, present, future, etc.) In this case the Aorist tense represents an action that has been completed with no reference to when it has been completed. The Greek term also has what is called a Voice which tells us the role of who is doing the work. The Passive voice in this term tells us that the object of the verb is being acted upon from outside itself. Lastly, Greek terms have what is called a Mood which conveys information about the action of the verb. The Subjunctive mood carries with it the idea of possibility of an action happening, it represents potential. Therefore KATARGEO is this form conveys the thought of the possibility of a completed action be performed by an outside agent on a person. Here, more particularly, KATARGEO represents the POSSIBILITY OF GOD PUTTING THE “BODY OF SIN” THE FLESH OUT OF COMMISSION.

 

The idea of this truth is well conveyed from the following commentator:

 

Sin wants to be our master. It finds a foothold in the old nature, and through the old nature seeks to control the members of the body. But in Jesus Christ, we died to sin; and the old nature was crucified so that the old life is rendered inoperative. Paul was not describing an experience; he was stating a fact. The practical experience was to come later. It is a fact of history that Jesus Christ died on the cross. It is also a fact of history that the believer died with Him; and “he that is dead is freed from sin” (Rom. 6:7). Not “free to sin” as Paul’s accusers falsely stated; but “freed from sin.” Sin and death have no dominion over Christ. We are “in Christ”; therefore, sin and death have no dominion over us. Jesus Christ not only died “for sin,” but He also died “unto sin.” That is, He not only paid the penalty for sin, but He broke the power of sin.”  [33]

 

We no longer have to be at the mercy of our flesh. We no longer are salves to our flesh but can address the lusts of our flesh through the power of God in Christ. In the cross of Christ is the potential and possibility of dealing a deathblow to our flesh, of putting it out of commission.

 

We need to point out here that to put the flesh out of commission does not mean that we will never have to deal with it again. That would be a dangerous presumption. What is once and for all is the work of Jesus on the cross. On the cross the flesh is put out of commission, but there needs to be a daily appropriation of this fact by faith in Christ. Moment by moment as we walk in the Spirit, our flesh is held under control.

 

Know that We Who Have Died with Christ Have Freedom from Sin

Romans 6:6c-7 – “. . . that we should no longer be slaves of sin. For he who has died has been freed from sin.” [34]

Based on what Jesus has done on the cross the potential and possibility is there that, “we should no longer be slaves of sin.” Sin is no longer to be the ruler in the life of the one who is regenerated and saved. What does this mean? Those who die with Christ are freed from sin. Sin no longer dominates us like it did prior to conversion. You can’t tempt a corpse, and we need to see our “old man” like a corpse in Christ.

Know Life in Christ

Romans 6:8-10 – “Now if we died with Christ, we believe that we shall also live with Him,9 knowing that Christ, having been raised from the dead, dies no more. Death no longer has dominion over Him.10 For the death that He died, He died to sin once for all; but the life that He lives, He lives to God.”    [35]

We “died with Christ” when we put our faith in Him. Our old way of life, all our sins, everything associated with our old sinful way of life is counted dead in Christ when we accept Him as Savior by faith. Just as surely, we receive His life, we “live with Him.” Jesus defeated sin and death on the cross and that victory is put to our account when we accept Him as Savior by faith. We live on in the knowledge of this great truth. Sanctification is knowing, experiencing this truth by faith in our lives.

We Need to Know That Sanctification is a Work of God in Us

To summarize what we need to know can be summed by saying, sanctification is a work of God in us, not something we do for ourselves. This has been stated before in other parts of our study in Romans but it cannot be emphasized enough. Failure to grasp this blessed truth results in a futile, frustrating and doomed to failure pursuit of God in our own strength, in our flesh.

That sanctification is a work of God in the believer is substantiated and evidenced in the following verses:

  • Philippians 2:13 – “for it is God who works in you both to will and to do for His good pleasure.” [36]
  • 1 Thessalonians 5:23 – “Now may the God of peace Himself sanctify you completely; and may your whole spirit, soul, and body be preserved blameless at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.”  [37]
  • 2 Thessalonians 2:13 – “But we are bound to give thanks to God always for you, brethren beloved by the Lord, because God from the beginning chose you for salvation through sanctification by the Spirit and belief in the truth,”   [38]
  • Hebrews 2:11 – “For both He who sanctifies and those who are being sanctified are all of one, for which reason He is not ashamed to call them brethren,”  [39]
  • 1 Peter 1:2 – “elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, in sanctification of the Spirit, for obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace to you and peace be multiplied.”  [40]
  • Jude 1 – “Jude, a bondservant of Jesus Christ, and brother of James, To those who are called, sanctified by God the Father, and preserved in Jesus Christ:”  [41]

Sanctification is a work of God in us, not something we do through self-discipline or self-reliance. If we do not rely upon God constantly and continually in life, we will be stuck trying to live a new life in old man ways.

When Jesus was illustrating the need to go beyond religious pursuits of God to life according to a new covenant, He did so by referring to the mistake of trying to keep new wine in old wineskins (Matthew 9:17). Wine sacks were made out of animal skins that when new stretched with the new wine that had expanding gases with its fermentation. But old wineskins, once stretched, if used with new wine, would not expand but crack and break spilling the wine. We can apply this illustration to the life of sanctification. When a person tries to live the sanctified life by keeping a set of rules or laws it’s like trying to pour new wine into an old wineskin. The old wineskin of religious ritualism will crack and spill out the wine of the Spirit-filled life as the Spirit expands in us in His guidance and ways. Instead the Spirit-filled life must be lived or received in newness of life apart from the law, in the love of the Spirit. We will see this truth illustrated and explained in greater detail in Romans 7 and 8.

What We Need To Know in the Sanctifying Process

Therefore, let’s recap what it is that we need to know in order for God’s sanctifying process to take place in our lives. We need to know what we believe, what God has revealed by the Holy Spirit in His word. What are the particulars we need to know concerning the sanctified life? 

1.)    We need to know we are dead to sin in Christ – Romans 6:3

2.)    We need to know Christ’s resurrection power – Romans 6:4

3.)    We need to know that the “old man” was crucified with Christ – Romans 6:5-6a

4.)    We need to know that the flesh can be put out of business – Romans 6:6b

5.)    We need to know that those who have died with Christ have freedom from sin – Romans 6:6c-7

6.)    We need to know life in Christ – Romans 6:8-10

7.)    We need to know that sanctification is a work of God in us.

To sum up this first step of sanctification, the KJV Bible Commentary states:

Therefore, sanctification is knowing what Christ has already accomplished for us through His death. It is not primarily a matter of striving to live holy, but of knowing that we are holy in Him.[42]

Now that we know this, how do we practically put it into practice in our lives? How do we take what we know is promised by God in His word and apply it practically in our lives. We know from our study that it is the work of the Spirit in and through us that applies God’s promises in Christ to our lives. But the believer has a part too. What is our part in the sanctifying process? That question is answered in what follows.

RECKON WHAT YOU BELIEVE TO BE TRUE BY FAITH – 6:11-12

Romans 6:11 – “Likewise you also, reckon yourselves to be dead indeed to sin, but alive to God in Christ Jesus our Lord.”  [43]

When confronted by sin, we need only reckon by faith that we are dead to sin on the basis of our position in Christ.

The word “reckon” (Greek LOGIDZOMAI -Strong’s # 3049 - logivzomai loágizoámai, log-id´-zom-ahee) means,  “to take an inventory, i.e. estimate and conclude, take account of,  esteem, impute, lay, number, reason, reckon, suppose, think (on).[44]  The word “reckon” is used in the New Testament to refer to, a  “numerical calculation,” (Luke 22:37); metaphorically (Romans 2:26; 4:3, 5, 6, 9, 11, 22, 23, 24); “to count or to impute” (Romans 4:4; Galatians 3:6); “to consider, calculate,” “to reckon” (Romans 6:11; 8:36; 2 Corinthians 10:11); “to suppose, judge, deem,” (Romans 2:3; 3:28; 8:18; 2 Corinthians 11:5; and  “to purpose, decide,” (2 Corinthians 10:2).  [45] TO “RECKON” SOMETHING THEREFORE, IS AN ACT OF FAITH BY THE BELIEVER TO TRUST GOD AND ACCEPT AS TRUE AND A REALITY  THE PROMISES HE GIVES IN HIS WORD. 

In 6:11 the grammatical form of the word “reckon” (Present/Middle/Imperative) conveys the thought of a constant imperative action. When Paul uses this word “reckon” he is stating that this is something the believer needs to always do.

The word “reckon” is a very important word because it serves as a conduit what we know and having what we now applied to our lives. Reckon is a word of faith. It is a position we take by faith in spite of temptation. It is a position we take even if things around us seem otherwise (see Romans 4:20-22). It is, like Abraham, believing God over and above anything we might see around or in us. It is not denying the reality of what we see around us, it is rising above what we see around us through faith in God. Even though we are tempted and do not seem to be dead to sin, even though sin seems very  much alive in us at times, we must take a position of faith by reckoning ourselves dead to sin and alive to God in Christ.

The KJV Bible Commentary states:

“The word reckon (Gr logizomai) means that we know something is true and then, moment by moment, day by day, consider it to be true. We take as a solid reality that which God has promised. Therefore, not only do we know what has been accomplished in our justification, but we continue to live as though we had already entered into the resurrection presence of our Lord.” [46]

What is it that we are to reckon by faith as true and a reality in our lives?

Reckon Not To Let Sin Reign In You

Romans 6:12- “Therefore do not let sin reign in your mortal body, that you should obey it in its lusts.”  [47]

The first thing we need to reckon by faith as a true reality in us is that sin will not reign in us. We know that that in Christ we are dead to sin (6:3), that the old man was crucified with Christ (6:5-6), that our flesh is out of business in Christ (6:6),  and that those who have died with Christ are freed from sin (6:6-7) and these are the things we need to reckon as a true reality in our lives by faith.

The word, “reign” is translated from the Greek term BASILEUETO from BASILEO (Strong’s #936 basileuvw basileáuoµ, bas-il-yoo´-o) which means, “to rule as king, reign.” [48] The verb form implies an imperative assertion (Present/Active/Imperative) and therefore this is something that absolutely should not be allowed to happen.  BY FAITH IN CHRIST, RECKON TO NOT LET SIN REIGN AS KING IN YOUR BODY OR LIFE. This is the assertion we are to make by reckoning in faith. When sin comes knocking, take a stand by faith and reckon, “No, sin, you will not reign in me! In Christ I have power to resist and not let sin reign in me.” When lusts of your flesh tempt you, reckon them dead and out of business in Christ. Don’t give in; take a stand in Christ by reckoning in faith and applying the resurrection power of Jesus in your life. Call out to God in faith and He will help you.

 How can this be fleshed out (pardon the pun) in life? How does our faith become fact, our talk become our walk? Let’s continue in Paul’s presentation.

PRESENT YOURSELVES TO GOD – 6:13-19

Romans 6:13 – “And do not present your members as instruments of unrighteousness to sin, but present yourselves to God as being alive from the dead, and your members as instruments of righteousness to God.”  [49]

The word “present,” here is translated from the Greek term PARISTEMI (Strong’s # 3936 - parivsthmi paristeµmi, par-is´-tay-mee; from paristavnw paristanoµ par-is-tan´-o) meaning, “to stand beside, to exhibit, profferrecommend, . . . or . . .to be at hand (or ready), aid;  assist, bring before, command, commend, give presently, present, prove, provide, shew, stand (before, by, here, up, with), yield.” [50] The grammatical form of this word (Present/Active/Imperative) conveys the idea of a persistent, ongoing absolutely essential action by the believer. In other words, know what resources God has put at your disposal, reckon them true by faith and don’t lean, give or offer yourself to be tools of evil and sin, but always absolutely offer yourself to God to use. TO PRESENT YOURSELF TO GOD IS TO GIVE YOURSELF ALWAYS TO GOD BY FAITH.

 

The KJV Bible Commentary states:

As those who have been justified, we are not to allow our members (i.e., our hands, our feet, our tongues, etc.) to become the instruments or weapons of unrighteousness. In the original language, the words “neither yield” carry the idea of a continuous yielding. Knowing of our justification and reckoning ourselves dead to the penalty of sin, we are to continually keep ourselves from yielding to sin. But, on the other hand, we are to once for all, as the Greek implies, yield to God. Although we will yet sin, by yielding ourselves to God we will never again be caught in the trap of continuing in sin. Our life and all that we have will be given over to the One who has spiritually raised us from the dead.[51]

We need to come to a decision to by faith, commit ourselves to God in our lives. We may subsequently sin, but we will never allow ourselves to live lives of sin. The prostitute will stop prostituting; the thief will stop stealing; the adulterer will stop cheating; we will no longer live lives of sin. This truth can be applied to every life dominating sin we face.

To present yourself to God means to accept His word and promise by faith and stand in them before Him.

Present Yourself to God and His Grace

Romans 6:14 – “For sin shall not have dominion over you, for you are not under law but under grace.”  [52]

This is God’s promise to the believer. God has promised us that sin will not dominate us. To those who take by faith, the position that they are dead to sin, to them, sin shall not dominate them. Our first response to temptation and sin is to present ourselves to God and His grace.

Sinless Perfection?

The Bible does not teach sinless perfection. As long as we live in these bodies, we will inadvertently miss the mark and sin. We see this in the following verses:

  • 1 John 1:8,10 – “If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us. . . 10 If we say that we have not sinned, we make Him a liar, and His word is not in us.”  [53]
  • 1 John 4:16-17 – “And we have known and believed the love that God has for us. God is love, and he who abides in love abides in God, and God in him.17 Love has been perfected among us in this: that we may have boldness in the day of judgment; because as He is, so are we in this world.”  [54]

If you think you are sinless, you deceive yourself. But in the life of the believer, sin will not have dominion; you will not live a life of sin; sin shall not reign as king over you.

“Sin shall not have dominion over you”

The word “dominion” is translated  from the Greek term KURIEUO (Strong’s # 2961 - kurieuvw kurieáuoµ, koo-ree-yoo´-o) meaning, “to rule: have dominion over, lord, be lord of, exercise lordship over.” [55] Sin is not the master or lord of the believer, Jesus is the Master and Lord of the believer.

Sin will not have dominion over the believer, on what basis? On the basis that the believer is not under law but under grace.

Two Presentation Principles People Live by – Law and Grace

There are two principles that people seek to present themselves before God in. One principle is the principle of law; the other is the principle of grace. The principle of law is inappropriate to present yourself to God in. The principle of grace is the appropriate and only principle by which we can present ourselves to God.

Paul says, “for you are not under law but under grace.” To be “under the law” refers to a principle of  seeking holiness by keeping a set of rules. To be “under grace” refers to a principle by which  you are not holy because you do good works, but do good works because God has regenerated your soul and the Spirit is working in and through you.

The Principle of living under Law focuses upon WHAT DO I HAVE TO DO? The emphasis is placed primarily on human works.  The principle of grace focuses upon WHAT GOD HAS DONE, DOES DO NOW AND WILL DO IN THE FUTURE. The emphasis is placed on God’s love and His provision. Therefore we conclude here that Paul’s inspired point is that:

SIN SHALL NOT HAVE DOMINION OVER YOU, NOT BECAUSE YOU WORK REALLY HARD AT IT, BUT BECAUSE GOD HAS, IS AND CONTNUES TO WORK IN YOU BY HIS GRACE. It is wrong to try to come before God on the basis of the principle of works or law. The principle of grace is the only principle by which we can present ourselves to God.

The Principle of Grace is God Working Sanctification in Us

The principle of grace realizes that sanctification is a work of God in the believer and not some work of humanity via intestinal fortitude or inner strength. That sanctification is the work of God in the believer is seen in the following verses:

  • 1 Corinthians 15:10 – “But by the grace of God I am what I am, and His grace toward me was not in vain; but I labored more abundantly than they all, yet not I, but the grace of God which was with me.”  [56]
  • Philippians 1:6 – “being confident of this very thing, that He who has begun a good work in you will complete it until the day of Jesus Christ;”  [57]
  • Philippians 2:13 – “for it is God who works in you both to will and to do for His good pleasure.”  [58]

When we recognize God is the One doing the work of sanctification in us, we present ourselves to Him based on His grace toward us. But does this mean we can take advantage of God’s grace? Some may think that, but Paul shuts the door on such a carnal thought.

Don’t Think it’s Okay to Sin

Romans 6:15- “What then? Shall we sin because we are not under law but under grace? Certainly not!” [59]

Paul comments on those who would misinterpret God’s gracious provision as a freedom to sin. If you have experienced God’s grace, you won’t want to sin. WE ARE NOT FREE TO SIN; WE ARE FREE NOT TO SIN!

Presentation Involves Decision - Your Presentation Determines Who Has Power Over You

Romans 6:16 – “Do you not know that to whom you present yourselves slaves to obey, you are that one’s slaves whom you obey, whether of sin leading to death, or of obedience leading to righteousness?”  [60]

Presentation is a faith decision and the above verse shows there is a consequence of our presentation. A choice is ever present, either present yourself to sin and becomes its slave; or present yourself to God and become His slave. The nature of sin is such that if you present yourself to sin, you come under the power of sin. Jesus said:

  • John 8:34-35 – “Jesus replied, “I tell you the truth, everyone who sins is a slave to sin. 35 Now a slave has no permanent place in the family, but a son belongs to it forever.” [61]

If you offer yourself to sin you will become a slave of sin. If you are a drug addict and hang out with junkies, you are in effect presenting yourself to their cause. I’m not speaking of those who minister to the addicted; I’m speaking to those who fall to the temptation of Satan. In the wilderness, Satan tempted Jesus by coaxing Him to throw Himself off of the pinnacle of the Temple to see that God would save Him (Matthew 4:1-11). Sometimes, in spiritual pride, a person adopts a haughty position that they are above temptation, reality would attest that pride goes before destruction (Proverbs 16:18). Present yourselves to God and don’t play games with the devil.

Obedience from the Heart is Important

 

Romans 6:17 – “But God be thanked that though you were slaves of sin, yet you obeyed from the heart that form of doctrine to which you were delivered.”  [62]

Notice, the battle is a matter of the heart. Who will rule your heart? That is the question. God’s love, poured out into your heart by the Spirit (Romans 5:5) compels the believer to obey and live for Him (2 Corinthians 5:14-15).

You can’t separate obedience from love. Obedience is a key indicator in determining whom a person is presenting himself or herself to. To those who live by law, obedience is a burden. But to those who live by grace, by knowing God’s love, obeying is a privileged offering to the One who loves them and is loved by them.

See this in the following verses:

  • John 14:21 - “He who has My commandments and keeps them, it is he who loves Me. And he who loves Me will be loved by My Father, and I will love him and manifest Myself to him.”  [63] (See John 13:34-35)
  • John 15:9-17 - “As the Father loved Me, I also have loved you; abide in My love.10 “If you keep My commandments, you will abide in My love, just as I have kept My Father’s commandments and abide in His love.11 “These things I have spoken to you, that My joy may remain in you, and that your joy may be full.12 “This is My commandment, that you love one another as I have loved you.13 “Greater love has no one than this, than to lay down one’s life for his friends.14 “You are My friends if you do whatever I command you.15 “No longer do I call you servants, for a servant does not know what his master is doing; but I have called you friends, for all things that I heard from My Father I have made known to you.16 “You did not choose Me, but I chose you and appointed you that you should go and bear fruit, and that your fruit should remain, that whatever you ask the Father in My name He may give you.17 “These things I command you, that you love one another.”  [64]
  • 1 John 5:3 – “For this is the love of God, that we keep His commandments. And His commandments are not burdensome.”  [65]

Living under the principle of grace does not give a person license to sin. Far from it, we demonstrate our love to God through seeking to obey Him. We seek to obey Him not to become righteous, but because He has made us righteous in Christ. We seek to obey God because we love Him and appreciate all He has done for us.

Choose: Flesh or Spirit?

Romans 6:18-19 – “And having been set free from sin, you became slaves of righteousness.19 I speak in human terms because of the weakness of your flesh. For just as you presented your members as slaves of uncleanness, and of lawlessness leading to more lawlessness, so now present your members as slaves of righteousness for holiness.”  [66]

When you accept the Lord as Savior, you are “set free from sin.” For the first time in our lives we are in a position to resist temptation to sin. But this does not mean we have clear sailing without any potential problems. There are still choices we need make each day.

The believer has a choice that they can make. The believer is a slave of sin and so engulfed in sin that they are like a helpless addict. Flesh or Spirit, hollowness or holiness, death or life, which will it be?

“For just as”

Just as a sinner indulges in their sin, so now, in the newness of life, the believer can choose to present him or herself to walk after the Spirit to follow God. What we need to do is present ourselves to God to serve Him. Just as the sinners yielding to sin led to more and more sin, so too when the believer yields to God he or she will build momentum in the positive way of sanctification in life. That is a very practical truth! We get the ball moving in the right direction by presenting ourselves to God.

But how can we keep it going in the right direction? Serve the Lord! That is our last step in the sanctifying process to which we now turn.

SERVE THE LORD/ BEAR FRUIT – 6:20-23

Romans 6:20-22 – “For when you were slaves of sin, you were free in regard to righteousness.21 What fruit did you have then in the things of which you are now ashamed? For the end of those things is death.22 But now having been set free from sin, and having become slaves of God, you have your fruit to holiness, and the end, everlasting life.”  [67]

The life of sin doesn’t care about righteousness. There is no spiritual fruit in the life of sin. The unbeliever may have a casual concern to be good or religious that is motivated by guilt or a desire to do something that enables them to rationalize a belief that they will go to heaven when they die. But the “righteousness” they seek is not God’s righteousness in Christ but a false righteousness of their own making, a righteousness that is comfortable for them and costs them nothing. Such a righteousness is a religious pursuit of God often rooted in worldly philosophy that is doomed to fall short because it is powerless against the slavery of sin. It is only in God that a person, as a believer in Christ, can be set free from the dominion of sin and open the door to bear spiritual fruit and experience eternal life.  The end result is everlasting life with Him.

The word “slaves,” here is translated from the Greek term DOULOS (Strong’s # 1401 - dou`lo" doáuloás, doo´-los) meaning, “a slave;  bond  servant.”  [68] A slave is one who takes orders and obeys orders from a master. A slave is one under subjection to another. Notice the contrast here. The choice is being “slaves of sin,” or “slaves of God.” We have already seen how Jesus said that the person who sins is  slave of sin, sin is their master, their tyrannical overlord. But when you put your faith in Christ God sets you free from sin and he becomes your new Master. Salvation and the sanctification process begin as a person declares Jesus as their Lord (Romans 10:8-10). It’s not enough to know about Jesus or know facts about Jesus or even believe that He was a real historical figure who performed miracles, but salvation comes to the one who believes in their heart of hearts that Jesus rose form the dead and is then confessed as Lord.

“Having been set free,” is translated from the one Greek term ELEUTHEROTHENTES (Aorist/Passive/Participle) and refers to a past completed action. “Having become slaves,” is translated from the Greek term DOULOTHENTES (Aorist/Passive/Participle) is also a completed past action. With these two truths in place, the believer then progresses onward in them; “you have your fruit” is translated from the Greek terms ECHETE TON KARPON. “You have,” (ECHETE ) implies an ongoing process of fruit bearing in the life of the believer (Present/Active/Indicative). We have been set free from sin through faith in Christ; we are slaves now of God; and we need to continually live this out by faith in Christ in the power of the Spirit.

The Fruit of Sanctification - The “fruit to holiness”

The word “holiness” (6:19, 22) here is translated form the Greek term HAGIASMOS (Strong’s #38 -  aJgiasmov" hagiasmoás, hag-ee-as-mos´) meaning, “ purification, the state purity;  a purifier; holiness, sanctification.”  [69] The idea of holiness therefore involves being cleansed of those things which challenge the lordship of Christ in your heart.

To get an understanding of the importance of holiness (HAGIASMOS) we can look at the following verses that show it is God’s will for believers to live holy sanctified lives:

  • 1 Thessalonians 4:7 – “For God did not call us to uncleanness, but in holiness.” [70] (See also 1 Timothy 2:15)

Living a holy life is God’s will for every believer and it is essential to experience God’s fullness. In this verse uncleanness is contrasted with holiness showing that holiness involves the cleansing of uncleanness.

A second verse is:

  • Hebrews 12:14 – “Pursue peace with all people, and holiness, without which no one will see the Lord:”  [71]

Here holiness is linked to pursuing peace with all people. Some have interpreted this verse to mean that unless you live a holy life you will not get to heaven (i.e. “see the Lord”). To do this is to allow the holy life to degenerate to a works oriented pursuit. The Bible tells us that even carnal Christians will go to heaven, though “as through fire” (1 Corinthians 3:1-17). A better interpretation of Hebrews 12:14 seems to be that the one who is carnal and does not live a holy life will not see the Lord in His fullness, in the abundance of life Jesus promised (John 10:10). The carnal believer is unsteady and misses out on much of the abundant blessing that God desires for them because they are spiritually short-sighted and shallow. If you want to see God and experience Him to the full, holiness is the way to go.

 

The Two Aspects of Holiness – Separation and the State of Holiness

There are two aspects of “holiness.” First, holiness or sanctification involves SEPARATION. Jesus was separated from sin and therefore so should we be. Of Jesus it was said:

  • Hebrews 7:26 – “For such a High Priest was fitting for us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and has become higher than the heavens;”  [72]

Now before we proceed any further we need to clear up a great misconception about the holy sanctified life. Jesus was “separate from sinners,” but of Him it was also said, “friend of tax collectors and sinners” (Matthew 11:19; Luke 7:34). Therefore it would be wrong to interpret Christ’s separation from sinners as isolation. To be separate from sinners does not mean to isolate yourself from sinners (otherwise how would anyone hear the gospel of be saved?) it means to be in the world but not of the world, to live,  work and minister amongst the sinful masses, but not adopt their sinful ways.

That we are to follow in Christ’s steps in this regard is evidenced in the following verses:

  • John 17:14-19 - “I have given them Your word; and the world has hated them because they are not of the world, just as I am not of the world.15 “I do not pray that You should take them out of the world, but that You should keep them from the evil one.16 “They are not of the world, just as I am not of the world.17 “Sanctify them by Your truth. Your word is truth.18 “As You sent Me into the world, I also have sent them into the world.19 “And for their sakes I sanctify Myself, that they also may be sanctified by the truth.”  [73]
  • Romans 12:1-2 – “I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that you present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable to God, which is your reasonable service.2 And do not be conformed to this world, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind, that you may prove what is that good and acceptable and perfect will of God.”  [74]
  • 1 Corinthians 6:9-11 – “Do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived. Neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor homosexuals, nor sodomites,10 nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners will inherit the kingdom of God.11 And such were some of you. But you were washed, but you were sanctified, but you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus and by the Spirit of our God.”  [75]

The unfortunate trend in Christendom today is to flee from the world via isolation. Many run for cover into their homes and slam the door shut behind them. The motivation for such action is the fear of being stained or influenced by the world. But if Christians who have the gospel truth run and hide, who will share the gospel with the unsaved? How will people come to know the Lord if no one tells them about Him? The Christian has fled from the schools, from the cities, from workplace, and the result is a secular society run rampant with sin because no one is left to share the light of the gospel and be salt as Jesus called Christians to be (Matthew 5:13-16). Christians have hid their light under a basket and lost their saltiness just as Jesus warned. Christendom needs to reassess their lives and stop equating separation with isolation. Instead Christians need to be in the world but not of the world, to rub elbows with the lost and through spiritually salty living be used by God to create a thirst for Him in unbelievers. That’s what a holy life is supposed to do.

Holiness is not closing yourself up in a cloister so that the world can’t influence you; holiness is living in the world and influencing it for God. Isolation leads to anemic Christianity because there is no service and no opportunity to see the reality of God’s word in practice. Separation on the other hand is living in the world but not of the world; its experiencing the reality of the truth of God’s word and the reality of God’s power over sin. Therefore, isolation stifles faith; separation strengthens faith.

Second, holiness or sanctification is a STATE of conduct. We see this evidenced in the following passage:

  • Acts 20:32 - “So now, brethren, I commend you to God and to the word of His grace, which is able to build you up and give you an inheritance among all those who are sanctified.”  [76]
  • 1 Thessalonians 4:3,4,7 – “For this is the will of God, your sanctification: that you should abstain from sexual immorality;4 that each of you should know how to possess his own vessel in sanctification and honor, . . . 7 For God did not call us to uncleanness, but in holiness.”  [77]
  • 2 Timothy 2:20-22 – “But in a great house there are not only vessels of gold and silver, but also of wood and clay, some for honor and some for dishonor.21 Therefore if anyone cleanses himself from the latter, he will be a vessel for honor, sanctified and useful for the Master, prepared for every good work.22 Flee also youthful lusts; but pursue righteousness, faith, love, peace with those who call on the Lord out of a pure heart.”  [78]

These verses describe sanctification as a state of being, a lifestyle. Sanctification describes what a Christian is in Christ. A state of being is a view of someone as a whole. To be in a state of sanctification is the ongoing work of the Spirit in a believer.

What is the “fruit of holiness”? The fruit of holiness is being separated from the world, the flesh and the devil and to God. To be separated to God means to present yourself to Him to be used by Him first and foremost. By faith we present ourselves to God to be used by Him in the midst of a sinful and lost world. This is the product of the Holy Spirit working in the believer. Therefore we can say that sanctification is the purification of the believer’s heart from the impurities of worldliness, fleshly lusts and devilish attitudes

Sanctification is a Step of Faith in the Spirit

It would be a tragic mistake to allow such a work of God in a person’s life to degenerate to a work (of the flesh). Sanctification, as we have already stated, is a work of God in the believer. And as a work of God in the believer, it is accepted by faith just as salvation is accepted by faith.

In Acts this work of the Spirit in the believer is stated to be by faith in the following words:

  • Acts 15:8-9 - “So God, who knows the heart, acknowledged them by giving them the Holy Spirit, just as He did to us,9 “and made no distinction between us and them, purifying their hearts by faith.”  [79]

The purifying work of the Spirit in the believer is something done as the believer simply in faith surrenders to God.

Also in Acts we see Paul link sanctification to faith when he testifies of what Jesus told him about the inheritance of the saints saying:

  • Acts 26:18 – “‘to open their eyes, in order to turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan to God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins and an inheritance among those who are sanctified by faith in Me.’” [80]

Finally, if we return to the introductory words of Paul in Romans he said:

  • Romans 1:17 – “For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith to faith; as it is written, “The just shall live by faith.”  [81]

We remember as we read these words that the phrase, “from faith to faith,” means that the gospel is received by faith and lived on in faith. Sanctification is a step of faith in the Spirit.

 

The Consequence of Sin is Death – God’s Gift is Eternal Life in Christ

Romans 6:23 – “For the wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.”  [82]

As long as we live in a fleshly body, we will have trouble with sin. Indeed, being born again amplifies the problem because one becomes more aware of it, (whereas as an unbeliever, you don’t much care about sin).

But God has given us the Holy Spirit within us to help us:

  • 1 Peter 1:2 – “elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, in sanctification of the Spirit, for obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace to you and peace be multiplied.”  [83]

For the wages of sin is death

Sin always produces death. If you indulge in sin, something dies, your sensitivity to sin; relational ties; spiritual sensitivity; your concept of God; your sense of closeness to God.

Wages are something you’ve earned and worked for. The wages of sin is death! What is death? Biblically, death is the separation of the soul or consciousness from God. Wages are always related to works; works are always related to the law and the flesh. Those who relate to God on the basis of works end up dying spiritually.

What are some of the products produced by working in our flesh? In Galatians the works of the flesh are given as:

  • Galatians 5:19-21 – “Now the works of the flesh are evident, which are: adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lewdness,20 idolatry, sorcery, hatred, contentions, jealousies, outbursts of wrath, selfish ambitions, dissensions, heresies,21 envy, murders, drunkenness, revelries, and the like; of which I tell you beforehand, just as I also told you in time past, that those who practice such things will not inherit the kingdom of God.” [84]

That’s not a very pretty picture, but that is the inevitable result of relying on your strength in works.

Eternal Death

God created man in part to have a meaningful relationship with him. The moment Adam yielded to the appetite of the flesh and sinned, he was alienated from God. Fellowship with God was broken and no good works could restore what Adam lost by his sinful decision. When Adam sinned, if he had eaten from the tree of life, he would have lived forever in a spiritually dead body.  God protected human kind from such a fate by evicting Adam and Eve from the Garden. Only God’s grace could save humankind and restore a relationship between God and man. 

But the gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.”

A gift is always related to God’s grace; and God’s grace produces eternal life in the believer by the Spirit who produces fruit in us. The fruit of the Spirit are:

  • Galatians 5:22-25 – “But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, kindness, goodness, faithfulness,23 gentleness, self-control. Against such there is no law.24 And those who are Christ’s have crucified the flesh with its passions and desires.25 If we live in the Spirit, let us also walk in the Spirit.”  [85]

God’s Grace – The Giving Nature of God

God loves to give. The Bible is filled with the giving of God. Grace is a way of describing the giving nature of God. Grace is entirely from God. There is nothing in us that warrants or deserves God’s grace. Grace proceeds from God’s good nature. We have already considered the mention of God’s grace in the epistle to the Romans (Romans 2:4; 5:12-20) and we will consider God’s grace again in this epistle (Romans 11:16). When we look at the Bible we see that God’s grace is “great,” God’s grace is “sufficient,” God’s grace “saved,” us, and God’s grace is “exceedingly abundant”: toward us. These characteristics of God’s grace are seen in the following verses:

  • Acts 4:33 – “And with great power the apostles gave witness to the resurrection of the Lord Jesus. And great grace was upon them all.”  [86]
  • 2 Corinthians 12:9 – “And He said to me, My grace is sufficient for you, for My strength is made perfect in weakness.” Therefore most gladly I will rather boast in my infirmities, that the power of Christ may rest upon me.”  [87]
  • Ephesians 2:4-5 – “But God, who is rich in mercy, because of His great love with which He loved us,5 even when we were dead in trespasses, made us alive together with Christ (by grace you have been saved),”  [88]
  • 1 Timothy 1:12-16 – “And I thank Christ Jesus our Lord who has enabled me, because He counted me faithful, putting me into the ministry,13 although I was formerly a blasphemer, a persecutor, and an insolent man; but I obtained mercy because I did it ignorantly in unbelief.14 And the grace of our Lord was exceedingly abundant, with faith and love which are in Christ Jesus.15 This is a faithful saying and worthy of all acceptance, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners, of whom I am chief.16 However, for this reason I obtained mercy, that in me first Jesus Christ might show all longsuffering, as a pattern to those who are going to believe on Him for everlasting life.”  [89]

As we saw in Romans 5, just when you think you’ve experienced all that anyone could experience by God’s grace, God pours it on all the more. God’s grace is always “much more” than we expect or can ever comprehend.

What was God’s “gift”?

According to Romans 6:23 Gods’ gift is “eternal life.” But that provision is inseparably tied to Jesus:

  • 1 John 5:11-12 – “And this is the testimony: that God has given us eternal life, and this life is in His Son.12 He who has the Son has life; he who does not have the Son of God does not have life.”  [90]
  • John 3:16 - “For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life.”  [91]

You can’t receive the gift of eternal life apart from receiving Jesus Christ.

Eternal Life

God does not promise us eternal physical life. Death is not a defeat; it is a blessed coronation to new eternal spiritual life. God gives us a blessed assurance of eternal life with Him. His word says:

  • John 5:24 - “Most assuredly, I say to you, he who hears My word and believes in Him who sent Me has everlasting life, and shall not come into judgment, but has passed from death into life.”  [92]
  • John 10:28 - “And I give them eternal life, and they shall never perish; neither shall anyone snatch them out of My hand.”  [93]
  • 1 John 5:13 – “These things I have written to you who believe in the name of the Son of God, that you may know that you have eternal life, and that you may continue to believe in the name of the Son of God.”  [94]

What should our attitude toward God’s grace be?

Here is one of the most important aspects of living a sanctified life. You have to understand God’s grace to live the sanctified life and the Spirit is constantly seeking to teach and explain God’s grace to the one being sanctified.

Since God’s grace is not of us, not dependant upon any work of ours, then we should simply receive and expect it. Read what the Bible says:

  • Romans 8:31-32 – “What then shall we say to these things? If God is for us, who can be against us?32 He who did not spare His own Son, but delivered Him up for us all, how shall He not with Him also freely give us all things?”  [95]

“GRACE IS GOD ACTING FREELY ACCORDING TO HIS OWN NATURE OF LOVE” – Chuck Smith

Grace originates wholly in God, not in us. Nothing in us activates God’s grace. This confuses us because we question why God is gracious toward those who we feel are worse than us. We don’t understand why God would bless those who are dirty rotten sinful scoundrels. We have a hard time accepting God’s grace gracefully. We think we earn God’s grace, but that is works and not grace. GRACE IS SOVEREIGN; THERE IS NO HUMAN CAUSE FOR GOD’S GRACE; GOD ACTS GRACIOUSLY UPON WHOM HE CHOOSES TO ACT GRACIOUSLY. Works or human effort short-circuits grace; we can’t “earn” God’s grace; when we try, grace ceases to be grace. GRACE THEREFORE HUMBLES US BECAUSE WE KNOW WE DO NOT DESERVE GOD’S GRACE.

God’s Grace In Our Sanctification

In light of God’s grace, what should our attitude be toward God’s grace? How does a proper view of God’s grace affect us in our sanctification?  The following attitude statements convey to us the importance and practicality of God’s grace in our lives. (Chuck Smith – WFT tape #I45133 Romans 6:23)

1.)    WE SHOULD BELIEVE WE ARE GOING TO BE BLESSED AND CONSENT TO BE GRACIOUSLY LOVED AND BLESSED BY GOD. We should EXPECT to be blessed by God though we do not deserve in any way to be blessed by God. NO ONE DESERVES GOD’S GRACE; BUT EVERYONE CAN EXPECT GOD’S GRACE.  It is written:

·         Romans 8:31-32 – “What then shall we say to these things? If God is for us, who can be against us? 32 He who did not spare His own Son, but delivered Him up for us all, how shall He not with Him also freely give us all things?”  [96]

Our human fleshly inclination is to expect the worst out of life. So often we live with a cloud over us, waiting for the sky to fall. If a day is going good, we hesitate to enjoy it for fear that if we get too happy, something is waiting out their to bring us into balance with a trial. But such negative thinking is contrary to the sanctified life. The sanctified attitude is to expect God’s blessings because of the nature of God. Don’t live with a negative, despairing and disparaging view of life, lift up your eyes to God and hope in Him. He loves to bless you.

 

2.)    TRIALS ARE NOT GOD’S JUDGMENT, BUT GOD’S GRACIOUS LOVING MEANS TO BUILD GODLY CHARACTER AND SPIRITUAL MATURITY IN THE BELIEVER. It is written:

·         Romans 5:3-5 – “And not only that, but we also glory in tribulations, knowing that tribulation produces perseverance;  4and perseverance, character; and character, hope.5 Now hope does not disappoint, because the love of God has been poured out in our hearts by the Holy Spirit who was given to us.”  [97]

 

·         Hebrews 12:3-11 – “3 For consider Him who endured such hostility from sinners against Himself, lest you become weary and discouraged in your souls.4 You have not yet resisted to bloodshed, striving against sin.5 And you have forgotten the exhortation which speaks to you as to sons: “My son, do not despise the chastening of the Lord,Nor be discouraged when you are rebuked by Him;6 For whom the Lord loves He chastens,And scourges every son whom He receives.”7 If you endure chastening, God deals with you as with sons; for what son is there whom a father does not chasten?8 But if you are without chastening, of which all have become partakers, then you are illegitimate and not sons.9 Furthermore, we have had human fathers who corrected us, and we paid them respect. Shall we not much more readily be in subjection to the Father of spirits and live?10 For they indeed for a few days chastened us as seemed best to them, but He for our profit, that we may be partakers of His holiness.11 Now no chastening seems to be joyful for the present, but painful; nevertheless, afterward it yields the peaceable fruit of righteousness to those who have been trained by it.”   [98]

 

Diamonds are made when pieces of coal are compressed over time. In the same way, God seeks to make us His treasures by allowing pressures into our lives that will make us into jewels. Trials are a blessing when we allow God to use them in our lives (James 1:2-5; 1 Peter 1:6-7).

 

3.)    THE HOPE TO BE BETTER IS A FAILURE TO SEE YOURSELF AS COMPLETE IN CHRIST (Colossians 2:10; Philippians 1:6; 2:13). To be disappointed in myself means I am trusting in myself, my flesh, not God. It is written:

·         Colossians 2:10 – “and you are complete in Him, who is the head of all principality and power.”  [99]

 

Why is it that we are never satisfied with who we are? I don’t mean to encourage sloth, but it seems that most discouragement in the Christian life is rooted in dissatisfaction with life that is unholy. We are complete in Jesus. Nothing we do can add to our righteousness or standing before God; we are compete in Jesus whose righteousness is put to the believer’s account. When we stop striving to better ourselves and see ourselves as complete in Jesus, we will have the right motive for spiritual growth, a loving appreciation of what our Lord has provided us by His grace.

 

4.)    DISCOURAGEMENT IS THE PRODUCT OF UNBELIEF. Discouragement is based on a failure to believe God will fulfill His word and promise. God’s grace promises to make you all that you need to be in Him. It is written:

·         1 Corinthians 15:10 – “But by the grace of God I am what I am, and His grace toward me was not in vain; but I labored more abundantly than they all, yet not I, but the grace of God which was with me.”  [100]

 

We need to do our best and trust God with the rest. We have to stop acting like grasshoppers before the giants in life and look at every obstacle through the promise of God and His word (Numbers 14).

5.)    TO BE PROUD IS TO BE BLIND. The proud think they are the reason for their blessing and that is spiritual blindness. God opposes the proud and gives grace to the humble.  Pride short circuits God’s grace. It is written:

·         1 Peter 5:5b-6 – “Yes, all of you be submissive to one another, and be clothed with humility, for “God resists the proud, But gives grace to the humble.” 6 Therefore humble yourselves under the mighty hand of God, that He may exalt you in due time,”  [101]

 

6.)    THE LACK OF BLESSING COMES FROM UNBELIEF RATHER THAN THE LACK OF DEVOTIONS (Joshua 1; Romans 4). We are wrong to think that God blesses based on our faithfulness in devotions; it is based on who He is, a gracious God. There is not one person in the Bible who was sinlessly perfect when God poured out His blessing on them. The problem is that we do not think or believe God want to bless us because we equate God’s blessing with our worthiness. The problem with that is that we will never be worthy enough to warrant God’s blessing and no one ever has been worthy enough. God doesn’t bless us because of our worthiness but because of His graceful nature. Once we realize this, we can begin to believe God is going to bless us now.

7.)    TRUE PRAISE RISES SPONTANEOUSLY FROM MY RECOGNITION OF GOD’S GRACE IN MY LIFE (Romans 11:34-35). When we realize God’s grace in our lives, we can’t help but praise the Lord. It is written:

  • Hebrews 13:12-15 – “Therefore Jesus also, that He might sanctify the people with His own blood, suffered outside the gate.13 Therefore let us go forth to Him, outside the camp, bearing His reproach.14 For here we have no continuing city, but we seek the one to come.15 Therefore by Him let us continually offer the sacrifice of praise to God, that is, the fruit of our lips, giving thanks to His name.”  [102]

If you’re dead in worship, in a spiritual rut, study God’s grace and ask Him to reveal His blessings in your life and as He shows you His grace, you won’t be able to contain your utterances of praise.

8.)    TO PREACH DEVOTIONS FIRST AND THEN GOD’S BLESSINGS IS TO REVERSE GOD’S ORDER. Devotions don’t produce God’s blessings; God’s blessings produce our devotions (Romans 2:4; 4:4; 11:6).  It is written:

  • Romans 11:33-36 – “Oh, the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! How unsearchable are His judgments and His ways past finding out!34 “For who has known the mind of the Lord? Or who has become His counselor?”35 “Or who has first given to Him And it shall be repaid to him?”36 For of Him and through Him and to Him are all things, to whom be glory forever. Amen.”  [103]
  • 1 Timothy 1:15-17 – “This is a faithful saying and worthy of all acceptance, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners, of whom I am chief.16 However, for this reason I obtained mercy, that in me first Jesus Christ might show all longsuffering, as a pattern to those who are going to believe on Him for everlasting life.17 Now to the King eternal, immortal, invisible, to God who alone is wise, be honor and glory forever and ever. Amen.”  [104]

When we  see how devoted God is to us, it inspires us to devotion to Him. Sanctification is the work of the Spirit in the believer and is rooted entirely in the grace of God. Hallelujah! Praise Him!

Conclusion

We are sanctified by God’s grace and therefore we need to know, reckon as true, present ourselves to God in and serve in God’s grace.

A friend sent me a poem about God’s grace in life and if you read it prayerfully you’ll see it speaks of the sanctifying grace of God at work in life. The poem is entitled, a Poem of God’s Grace.

A Poem of God's Grace

I did not know His love before, the way I know it now.
I could not see my need for Him, my pride would not allow.

I had it all, without a care, the "self-sufficient" lie.
My path was smooth, my sea was still, not a cloud was in my sky.

I thought I knew His love for me, I thought I'd seen His grace,
I thought I did not need to grow, I thought I'd found my place.

But then the way grew rough and dark, the storm clouds quickly rolled;
The waves began to rock my ship, I found I had no hold.

The ship that I had built myself was made of foolish pride,
It fell apart and left me bare, with nowhere else to hide.

I had no strength or faith to face the trials that lay ahead,
And so I simply spoke His name and bowed my weary head.

His loving arms enveloped me, and then He helped me stand.
He said, "You still must face this storm, but I will hold your hand."

So through the dark and lonely night He guided me through pain.
I could not see the light of day or when I'd smile again.

Yet through the pain and endless tears, my faith began to grow.
I could not see it at the time, but my light began to glow.

I saw God's love in a brand new light, His grace and mercy, too.
For only when all self was gone could Jesus' love shine through.

It was not easy in the storm, I sometimes wondered why.
At times I thought, "I can't go on." I'd hurt, and doubt, and cry.

But Jesus never left my side, He guided me each day.
Through pain and strife, through fire and flood, He helped me all the
way.

And now I see as ne'er before how great His love can be,
How in my weakness He is strong, how Jesus cares for me!

He worked it all out for my good, although the way was rough,
He only sent what I could bear, and then He said, "Enough!"

He raised His hand and said, "Be still!" He made the storm clouds cease.
He opened up the gates of joy and flooded me with peace.

I saw His face now clearer still, I felt His presence strong,
I found anew His faithfulness, He never did me wrong.

And now I know more storms will come, but only for my good,
For pain and tears have helped me grow as nothing ever could.

I still have so much more to learn as Jesus works in me;
If in the storm I'll love Him more, that's where I want to be!

-Wendy Greiner-

Sanctification is the presence of Christ in us by the Holy Spirit who conforms us progressively to the likeness of Jesus. Sanctification is separation from all that would hinder our walk with Jesus and a state of conduct that flows from that separation. Sanctification is a work of God in us that is motivated by His love in us by the Spirit.

In Romans 7 Paul goes into greater detail in discussing the inner battle of the flesh versus the Spirit. He is going to show that living the sanctified life is not a matter of our strength, but a matter of God’s strength in us. Let’s see what insight Paul is inspired to give us in this important chapter.

 

 

 



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[4]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[5]Walvoord, John F., and Zuck, Roy B., The Bible Knowledge Commentary, (Wheaton, Illinois: Scripture Press Publications, Inc.) 1983, 1985.

[6]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[7]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[8]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[9]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[10]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[11]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[12]Jerry Falwell, executive editor; Edward E. Hinson and Michael Kroll Woodrow, general editors, KJV Bible commentary [computer file], electronic ed., Logos Library System, (Nashville: Thomas Nelson) 1997, c1994.

[13]Wiersbe, W. W. 1996, c1989. The Bible exposition commentary. "An exposition of the New Testament comprising the entire 'BE' series"--Jkt. (Ro 6:1). Victor Books: Wheaton, Ill.

[14]The New International Version, (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House) 1984.

[15]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[16]James Strong, New Strong’s dictionary of Hebrew and Greek words [computer file], electronic ed., Logos Library System, (Nashville: Thomas Nelson) 1997, c1996.

[17]Wiersbe, W. W. 1996, c1989. The Bible exposition commentary. "An exposition of the New Testament comprising the entire 'BE' series"--Jkt. (Ro 6:1). Victor Books: Wheaton, Ill.

[18]Jerry Falwell, executive editor; Edward E. Hinson and Michael Kroll Woodrow, general editors, KJV Bible commentary [computer file], electronic ed., Logos Library System, (Nashville: Thomas Nelson) 1997, c1994.

[19]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[20]The New King James Version. 1996, c1982. Thomas Nelson: Nashville

[21]The New King James Version. 1996, c1982. Thomas Nelson: Nashville

[22]W.E. Vine, Merrill F. Unger and William White, Vine’s complete expository dictionary of Old and New Testament words [computer file], electronic ed., Logos Library System, (Nashville: Thomas Nelson) 1997, c1996.

[23]James Strong, New Strong’s dictionary of Hebrew and Greek words [computer file], electronic ed., Logos Library System, (Nashville: Thomas Nelson) 1997, c1996.

[24]Walvoord, J. F. 1983-c1985. The Bible knowledge commentary : An exposition of the scriptures (Php 3:10). Victor Books: Wheaton, IL

[25]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[26]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[27]The New King James Version. 1996, c1982. Thomas Nelson: Nashville

[28]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[29]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[30]James Strong, New Strong’s dictionary of Hebrew and Greek words [computer file], electronic ed., Logos Library System, (Nashville: Thomas Nelson) 1997, c1996.

[31]The New King James Version. 1996, c1982. Thomas Nelson: Nashville

[32]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[33]Wiersbe, W. W. 1996, c1989. The Bible exposition commentary. "An exposition of the New Testament comprising the entire 'BE' series"--Jkt. (Ro 6:1). Victor Books: Wheaton, Ill.

[34]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[35]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[36]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[37]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[38]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[39]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[40]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[41]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[42]Jerry Falwell, executive editor; Edward E. Hinson and Michael Kroll Woodrow, general editors, KJV Bible commentary [computer file], electronic ed., Logos Library System, (Nashville: Thomas Nelson) 1997, c1994.

[43]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[44]James Strong, New Strong’s dictionary of Hebrew and Greek words [computer file], electronic ed., Logos Library System, (Nashville: Thomas Nelson) 1997, c1996.

[45]W.E. Vine, Merrill F. Unger and William White, Vine’s complete expository dictionary of Old and New Testament words [computer file], electronic ed., Logos Library System, (Nashville: Thomas Nelson) 1997, c1996.

[46]Jerry Falwell, executive editor; Edward E. Hinson and Michael Kroll Woodrow, general editors, KJV Bible commentary [computer file], electronic ed., Logos Library System, (Nashville: Thomas Nelson) 1997, c1994.

[47]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[48]James Strong, New Strong’s dictionary of Hebrew and Greek words [computer file], electronic ed., Logos Library System, (Nashville: Thomas Nelson) 1997, c1996.

[49]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[50]James Strong, New Strong’s dictionary of Hebrew and Greek words [computer file], electronic ed., Logos Library System, (Nashville: Thomas Nelson) 1997, c1996.

[51]Jerry Falwell, executive editor; Edward E. Hinson and Michael Kroll Woodrow, general editors, KJV Bible commentary [computer file], electronic ed., Logos Library System, (Nashville: Thomas Nelson) 1997, c1994.

[52]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[53]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[54]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[55]James Strong, New Strong’s dictionary of Hebrew and Greek words [computer file], electronic ed., Logos Library System, (Nashville: Thomas Nelson) 1997, c1996.

[56]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[57]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[58]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[59]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[60]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[61]The New International Version, (Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House) 1984.

[62]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[63]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[64]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[65]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[66]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[67]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[68]James Strong, New Strong’s dictionary of Hebrew and Greek words [computer file], electronic ed., Logos Library System, (Nashville: Thomas Nelson) 1997, c1996.

[69]James Strong, New Strong’s dictionary of Hebrew and Greek words [computer file], electronic ed., Logos Library System, (Nashville: Thomas Nelson) 1997, c1996.

[70]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[71]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[72]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[73]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[74]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[75]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[76]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[77]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[78]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[79]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[80]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[81]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[82]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[83]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[84]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[85]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[86]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[87]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[88]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[89]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[90]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[91]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[92]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[93]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[94]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[95]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[96]The New King James Version. 1996, c1982. Thomas Nelson: Nashville

[97]The New King James Version. 1996, c1982. Thomas Nelson: Nashville

[98]The New King James Version. 1996, c1982. Thomas Nelson: Nashville

[99]The New King James Version. 1996, c1982. Thomas Nelson: Nashville

[100]The New King James Version. 1996, c1982. Thomas Nelson: Nashville

[101]The New King James Version. 1996, c1982. Thomas Nelson: Nashville

[102]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[103]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.

[104]The Holy Bible, New King James Version, (Nashville, Tennessee: Thomas Nelson, Inc.) 1982.